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Mothers in an Insider-Outsider Economy. The Puzzle of Spain

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  • Paula Adam
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    Abstract

    This article analyzes married women's labour force transitions in a Male Breadwinner Regime in the context of an Insider-Outsider economy. The argument of the article is that transitions behave differently when wives are in insider rather than outsider households, and when they are long-run participating wives rather than a priori non-participant wives. In other words, the puzzle is that the standard predictions of women's behaviour in a Male Breadwinner regime may not apply if the initial conditions change: 1) mothers may not respond as expected if they are in outsider households, and 2) highly educated mothers may not respond as expected if they studied because they intend to participate in the long run. The model is a simple Transition Model that assumes a First Order Markov Process. This model is convenient because it allows us to capture mover-stayer effects in combination with effects promoting participation and promoting inactivity. Spain turns to be an ideal case to apply the analysis. The data used is the Household Income and Expenditures Survey (ECPF, 1985-90).

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    Paper provided by IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University in its series Working Papers with number 95.

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    Handle: RePEc:igi:igierp:95

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    1. Heckman, James J, 1974. "Effects of Child-Care Programs on Women's Work Effort," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(2), pages S136-S163, Part II, .
    2. Browning, Martin, 1992. "Children and Household Economic Behavior," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1434-75, September.
    3. Siv Gustafsson & Frank P. Stafford, 1994. "Three Regimes of Child Care: The United States, the Netherlands, and Sweden," NBER Chapters, in: Social Protection versus Economic Flexibility: Is There a Trade-Off?, pages 333-362 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Deaton,Angus & Muellbauer,John, 1980. "Economics and Consumer Behavior," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521296762.
    5. James J. Heckrnan, 1974. "Effects of Child-Care Programs on Women's Work Effort," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 491-524 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Martinez-Granado, M., 1994. "An Empirical Model of Female labour Supply for Spain," Papers 9412, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.
    7. Juan F. Jimeno & Luis Toharia, 1993. "The effects of fixed-term employment on wages: theory and evidence from Spain," Investigaciones Economicas, FundaciĆ³n SEPI, vol. 17(3), pages 475-494, September.
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