Evaluating Alternative Representations of the Choice Sets in Models of Labour Supply
AbstractDuring the last two decades, the discrete-choice modelling of labour supply decisions has become increasingly popular, starting with Aaberge et al. (1995) and van Soest (1995). Within the literature adopting this approach there are however two potentially important issues that are worthwhile analyzing in their implications and that so far have not been given the attention they might deserve. A first issue concerns the procedure by which the discrete alternatives are selected to enter the choice set. For example van Soest (1995) chooses (non probabilistically) a set of fixed points identical for every individual. This is by far the most widely adopted method. By contrast, Aaberge et al. (1995) adopt a sampling procedure suggested by McFadden (1978) and also assume that the choice set may differ across the households. A second issue concerns the availability of the alternatives. Most authors assume all the values of hours-of-work within some range [0, H] are equally available. At the other extreme, some authors assume only two or three alternatives (e.g. non-participation, part-time and full-time) are available for everyone. Aaberge et al. (1995) assume instead that not all the hour opportunities are equally available to everyone; they specify a probability density function of opportunities for each individual and the discrete choice set used in the estimation is built by sampling from that individual-specific density function. In this paper we explore by simulation the implications of - the procedure used to build the choice set (fixed alternatives vs sampled alternatives) - accounting or not accounting for a different availability of alternatives. The way the choice set is represented seems to have little impact on the fitting of observed values, but a more significant and important impact on the out-of-sample prediction performance.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Department of Statistics Norway in its series Discussion Papers with number 449.
Date of creation: Mar 2006
Date of revision:
Labour supply; discrete-choice models; quantity constraints; prediction performance;
Other versions of this item:
- R. Aaberge & U. Colombino & T. Wennemo, 2009. "Evaluating Alternative Representations Of The Choice Sets In Models Of Labor Supply," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(3), pages 586-612, 07.
- Aaberge, Rolf & Colombino, Ugo & Wennemo, Tom, 2006. "Evaluating Alternative Representations of the Choice Sets in Models of Labour Supply," IZA Discussion Papers 1986, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Ugo Colombino & Rolf Aaberge & Tom Wennemo, 2005. "Evaluating Alternative Representations of the Choice Sets in Models of Labour Supply," Econometrics 0510001, EconWPA.
- Rolf Aaberge & Ugo Colombino & Tom Wennemo, 2006. "Evaluating alternative representations of the choice sets in models of labour supply," ICER Working Papers 2-2006, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
- R. Aaberge & T. Wennemo & U. Colombino, 2008. "Evaluating Alternative Representations of the Choice Sets in Models of Labour Supply," CHILD Working Papers wp20_08, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
- Ugo Colombino & R. Aaberge & T. Wennemo, 2006. "Evaluating Alternative Representations of the Choice Sets in Models of Labour Supply," CHILD Working Papers wp17_06, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
- C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
- C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
- H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-04-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-DCM-2006-04-22 (Discrete Choice Models)
- NEP-PBE-2006-04-22 (Public Economics)
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