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Precios predatorios: Una revisión teórica y evidencia experimental

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  • Oscar Molina Tejerina

    ()
    (Universidad Privada Boliviana)

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    Abstract

    El presente trabajo presenta un resumen de lo hecho en materia de entender, poner a prueba y modelar la existencia de comportamiento estratégico en las firmas, cuando enfrentan a otras que pueden arrebatarle mercado en un contexto en el cual se tiene información limitada sobre las características de los participantes en este juego. Fundamentalmente, en la parte teórica se analizan dos modelos que llegan a conclusiones distintas. Asimismo, se analiza lo que se hizo empíricamente en el tema, se discute brevemente un trabajo experimental a fin de ver si la teoría se cumple en un ambiente “controlado” y, finalmente, se discute el procedimiento y los resultados obtenidos en dos experimentos económicos sobre precios predatorios llevados a cabo para este trabajo, uno en la Universidad de Chile y otro en la Universidad Privada Boliviana. El trabajo discute principalmente el tema de los precios límite y los precios predatorios, encontrando que existe evidencia de comportamiento predatorio, así como prácticas colusivas y de acomodación.

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    File URL: http://www.upb.edu/RePEc/iad/wpaper/0104.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Universidad Privada Boliviana in its series Investigación & Desarrollo with number 0104.

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    Length: 18 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2004
    Date of revision: Mar 2004
    Publication status: Published in Investigación & Desarrollo, March 2004, pages 89-106
    Handle: RePEc:iad:wpaper:0104

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    Web page: http://www.upb.edu/node/235
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    Related research

    Keywords: Precios predatorios; precios límite; prácticas colusivas; prácticas de acomodación;

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    References

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    1. Brown-Kruse, Jamie & Cronshaw, Mark B & Schenk, David J, 1993. "Theory and Experiments on Spatial Competition," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 31(1), pages 139-65, January.
    2. Milgrom, Paul & Roberts, John, 1982. "Limit Pricing and Entry under Incomplete Information: An Equilibrium Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(2), pages 443-59, March.
    3. Milgrom, Paul & Roberts, John, 1982. "Predation, reputation, and entry deterrence," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 280-312, August.
    4. Rosario Gomez & Jacob K. Goeree & Charles A. Holt, 1999. "Predatory Pricing: Rare Like a Unicorn?," Virginia Economics Online Papers 339, University of Virginia, Department of Economics.
    5. Holt, Charles A, 1985. "An Experimental Test of the Consistent-Conjectures Hypothesis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 314-25, June.
    6. Kreps, David M. & Wilson, Robert, 1982. "Reputation and imperfect information," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 253-279, August.
    7. Isaac, R Mark & Smith, Vernon L, 1985. "In Search of Predatory Pricing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(2), pages 320-45, April.
    8. Marko Grobelnik & Charles A. Holt & Vesna Prasnikar, 1999. "Classroom Games: Strategic Interaction on the Internet," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 211-220, Spring.
    9. Harrison, Glenn W., 1988. "Predatory pricing in a multiple market experiment : A note," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 405-417, June.
    10. Joseph E. Harrington Jr., 1987. "Oligopolistic Entry Deterrence under Incomplete Information," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 18(2), pages 211-231, Summer.
    11. Harrington, Joseph E, Jr, 1986. "Limit Pricing When the Potential Entrant Is Uncertain of Its Cost Function [Limit Pricing and Entry under Incomplete Information: An Equilibrium Analysis]," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(2), pages 429-37, March.
    12. Leslie Young & Ali Bolbol, 1992. "Output Fluctuations as Entry Deterrence: A Model of Predatory Pricing," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 25(1), pages 89-110, February.
    13. Smiley, Robert, 1988. "Empirical evidence on strategic entry deterrence," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 167-180.
    14. Charles A. Holt & Roger Sherman, 1999. "Classroom Games: A Market for Lemons," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 205-214, Winter.
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