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Entry Preventing Locations Under Incomplete Information

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  • Marcel Boyer

    ()

  • Philippe Mahenc
  • Michel Moreaux

    ()

Abstract

We show that, under asymmetric information about costs, limit location strategies, that is distortions in pre-entry locations created by the entrant's inference about the incumbent's cost advantage which prevent entry, emerge not only as the result of the incumbent's cost advantage but also as the result of the entrant's beliefs concerning this advantage. The location at the market center may deter entry under incomplete information for a high cost incumbent who would accommodate entry under complete information; moreover, a low cost incumbent deterring entry at that location under complete information may be better off accommodating entry under incomplete information. Nous montrons qu'en présence d'information asymétrique sur les coûts, les stratégies de localisation limite, c'est-à-dire les distorsions dans les localisations permettant à la firme établie d'empêcher l'entrée, résultent non seulement de l'avantage coût de la firme établie mais aussi des croyances de l'entrant concernant cet avantage. La localisation au centre du marché peut dissuader d'entrer, si l'on se trouve en information incomplète et en présence d'une firme établie encourant un coût élevé. Cette même firme accepterait l'entrée en information complète. De plus, une firme établie, encourant un coût faible dissuadant l'entrée à cette localisation en information complète, aurait intérêt à accepter l'entrée si elle se trouvait en information incomplète.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2002s-15.

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Date of creation: 01 Feb 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-15

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References

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  1. Smiley, Robert, 1988. "Empirical evidence on strategic entry deterrence," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 167-180.
  2. Donnenfeld, S. & Weber, S., 1991. "Limit Qualities and Entry Deterrence," Papers 92-4, York (Canada) - Department of Economics.
  3. d'Aspremont, C & Gabszewicz, Jean Jaskold & Thisse, J-F, 1979. "On Hotelling's "Stability in Competition"," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1145-50, September.
  4. Albaek, Svend & Overgaard, Per Baltzer, 1994. "Advertising and pricing to deter or accommodate entry when demand is unknown: Comment," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 83-87, March.
  5. Milgrom, Paul & Roberts, John, 1982. "Limit Pricing and Entry under Incomplete Information: An Equilibrium Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(2), pages 443-59, March.
  6. THISSE, Jacques-François & VIVES, Xavier, . "On the strategic choice of spatial price policy," CORE Discussion Papers RP -793, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  7. Cho, In-Koo & Sobel, Joel, 1990. "Strategic stability and uniqueness in signaling games," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 381-413, April.
  8. Boyer, Marcel & Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Mahenc, Philippe & Moreaux, Michel, 1991. "Sequential Location Equilibria under Incomplete Information," IDEI Working Papers 6, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised Nov 1994.
  9. Boyer, Marcel & Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Mahenc, Philippe & Moreaux, Michel, 1994. "Location distortions under incomplete information," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 409-440, August.
  10. Joseph E. Harrington Jr., 1987. "Oligopolistic Entry Deterrence under Incomplete Information," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 18(2), pages 211-231, Summer.
  11. Ziss, Steffen, 1993. "Entry deterrence, cost advantage and horizontal product differentiation," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 523-543, September.
  12. Bagwell, Kyle & Ramey, Garey, 1990. "Advertising and pricing to deter or accommodate entry when demand is unknown," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 93-113.
  13. Bonanno, Giacomo, 1987. "Location Choice, Product Proliferation and Entry Deterrence," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 37-45, January.
  14. Lederer, Phillip J & Hurter, Arthur P, Jr, 1986. "Competition of Firms: Discriminatory Pricing and Location," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 623-40, May.
  15. Giacomo Bonanno, 1985. "Product Proliferation and Entry Deterrence Revisited," STICERD - Theoretical Economics Paper Series 114, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  16. Cho, In-Koo & Kreps, David M, 1987. "Signaling Games and Stable Equilibria," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 102(2), pages 179-221, May.
  17. Bester,Helmut, 1988. "Bertrand equilibrium in a differentiated duopoly," Discussion Paper Serie A 209, University of Bonn, Germany.
  18. Richard Schmalensee, 1978. "Entry Deterrence in the Ready-to-Eat Breakfast Cereal Industry," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 9(2), pages 305-327, Autumn.
  19. Overgaard, Per Baltzer, 1994. "Equilibrium effects of potential entry when prices signal quality," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 367-383, February.
  20. repec:fth:inseep:8801 is not listed on IDEAS
  21. Hurter, Arthur Jr & Lederer, Phillip J., 1985. "Spatial duopoly with discriminatory pricing," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 541-553, November.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ricardo Biscaia & Isabel Mota, 2013. "Models of spatial competition: A critical review," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(4), pages 851-871, November.
  2. Andreea Cosnita-Langlais, 2014. "Where to locate to escape predation?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(2), pages 614-626.
  3. Marcel Boyer & Philippe Mahenc & Michel Moreaux, 2002. "Asymmetric Information And Product Differentiation," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-16, CIRANO.
  4. Kress, Dominik & Pesch, Erwin, 2012. "Sequential competitive location on networks," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 217(3), pages 483-499.

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