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Employment and Wage Effects of Privatization: Evidence from Hungary, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine

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  • J. David Brown
  • John Earle
  • Álmos Telegdy

Abstract

We use longitudinal methods and universal panel data on 30,000 initially state-owned manufacturing firms in four transition economies to estimate the impacts of privatization on employment and wages. The results in all four countries consistently reject job losses and they never imply large wage cuts from privatization to either foreign or domestic owners. The domestic privatization estimates are close to zero for employment, while for wages they are negative but small in magnitude; estimated foreign privatization effects are nearly always positive and sometimes large for both outcome variables. We find that the negligible consequences of domestic privatization result from effects on scale, productivity, and costs that are large but offsetting in Hungary and Romania, and from small effects of all types in Russia and Ukraine. The positive employment outcome of foreign ownership results from a substantial scale-expansion effect that dominates the productivity-improvement effect, and the positive wage outcome from productivity improvement dominating the cost-reduction effect.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University in its series CERT Discussion Papers with number 0807.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:hwe:certdp:0807

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Keywords: privatization; employment; wages; foreign ownership; Hungary; Romania; Russia; Ukraine;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gao, Hang & Marchand, Joseph & Song, Tao, 2011. "The Supply and Demand Factors Behind the Relative Earnings Increases in Urban China at the Turn of the 21st Century," Working Papers 2011-23, University of Alberta, Department of Economics, revised 01 Feb 2012.
  2. Márton Csillag & Miklós Koren, 2011. "Machines and machinists: Capital-skill complementarity from an international trade perspective," CeFiG Working Papers 13, Center for Firms in the Global Economy, revised 25 Mar 2011.
  3. John Sutherland Earle & Almos Telegdy, 2011. "Who Creates Jobs in Hungary? The Role of Entering, Exiting and Continuing Firms Before and During the Crisis," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1108, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  4. Paulo Bastos & Natália Pimenta Monteiro & Odd Rune Straume, 2012. "Privatization and corporate restructuring," NIPE Working Papers 10/2012, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
  5. Stepan Jurajda & Juraj Stancik, 2009. "Foreign Ownership and Corporate Performance: The Czech Republic at EU Entry," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp389, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague.
  6. Sang-Wook (Stanley) Cho & Juliàn P. Dìaz, 2014. "Accounting for Skill Premium Patterns during the EU Accession: Productivity or Trade?," Discussion Papers 2014-14, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
  7. Adelaide Figueiredo & Fernanda Figueiredo & Natália P. Monteiro & Odd Rune Straume, 2011. "Restructuring in privatised firms: a Statis approach," FEP Working Papers 404, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  8. Muraközy, Balázs & Békés, Gábor, 2012. "Magyar gazellák. A gyors növekedésű vállalatok jellemzői és kialakulásuk elemzése
    [Hungarian gazelles: what makes a high-growth firm in Hungary?]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(3), pages 233-262.
  9. John Sutherland Earle & Almos Telegdy, 2011. "Medium-Term Industrial Labor Demand Forecast for Hungary," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1111, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

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