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Gifted Kids or Pushy Parents? Foreign Acquisitions and Plant Performance in Indonesia

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  • Jens Matthias Arnold

    (World Bank and Bocconi University)

  • Beata Smarzynska Javorcik

    (World Bank and CEPR)

Abstract

This paper uses micro data from the Indonesian Census of Manufacturing to analyze the causal relationship between foreign ownership and plant productivity. To control for the possible endogeneity of the FDI decision, a difference-in-differences approach is combined with propensity score matching. An advantage of this method, which has not been previously applied in this context, is the ability to follow the timing of observed changes in productivity and other aspects of plant performance. The results suggest that foreign ownership leads to significant productivity improvements in the acquired plants. The improvements become visible in the acquisition year and continue in subsequent periods. After three years, the acquired plants outperform the control group in terms of productivity by 34 percentage points. The data also suggest that the rise in productivity is a result of restructuring, as acquired plants increase investment outlays, employment and wages. Foreign ownership also appears to enhance the integration of plants into the global economy through increased exports and imports.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano in its series Development Working Papers with number 197.

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Date of creation: 15 Jun 2005
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Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:197

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Keywords: foreign direct investment; productivity;

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