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Foreign Presence, Spillovers, and Productivity: Evidence from Ghana

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  • Waldkirch, Andreas
  • Ofosu, Andra

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of foreign presence on the productivity of manufacturing industries in Ghana, using firm level panel data. We examine both labor and total factor productivity (TFP), which we compute using the Levinsohn and Petrin (2003) methodology. We control for a number of observed factors as well as unobserved heterogeneity in several dimensions. We find robust evidence that the presence of foreign firms in a sector has a negative effect on domestically owned, but a positive effect on most foreign owned firms. Unlike in recent work on China, it does not appear that the negative level effect is compensated for by a positive growth effect, at least not in any reasonable time period. This finding underscores that care must be exercised in extrapolating results from one country to others. We find no evidence of any wage effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 8577.

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Date of creation: Mar 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:8577

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Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; Productivity; Spillovers; Firm Level Data; Africa; Ghana;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Harms, Philipp & Méon, Pierre-Guillaume, 2011. "An FDI is an FDI is an FDI? The growth effects of greenfield investment and mergers and acquisitions in developing countries," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 38, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  2. Holger Görg & Adnan Seric, 2013. "With a little help from my friends: Supplying to multinationals, buying from multinationals, and domestic firm performance," Kiel Working Papers 1867, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. Mebratie, Anagaw Derseh & Bedi, Arjun S., 2011. "Foreign Direct Investment, Black Economic Empowerment and Labour Productivity in South Africa," IZA Discussion Papers 6048, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Neil Foster-McGregor & Anders Isaksson & Florian Kaulich, 2013. "Importing, Exporting and Performance in Sub-Saharan African Manufacturing Firms," wiiw Working Papers 96, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  5. John S. Earle & Almos Telegdy & Gabor Antal, 2012. "FDI and Wages: Evidence from Firm-Level and Linked Employer-Employee Data in Hungary, 1986-2008," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1209, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  6. Earle, John S. & Telegdy, Álmos & Antal, Gábor, 2012. "FDI and Wages: Evidence from Firm-Level and Linked Employer-Employee Data in Hungary, 1986-2008," IZA Discussion Papers 7095, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Mebratie, A.D. & van Bergeijk, P.A.G., 2011. "Firm Heterogeneity and Development: A Meta Analysis of FDI Productivity Spill-overs," ISS Working Papers - General Series 525, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.

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