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The Rise and Fall of Swedish Unemployment

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  • Holmlund, Bertil

    ()
    (Department of Economics)

Abstract

By international standards, unemployment in Sweden remained remarkably low throughout the 1970s and the 1980s. In the early 1990s, however, the unemployment rate skyrocketed and hit double-digit levels. Unemployment remained high for several years but exhibited a marked fall from 1997 and onwards. The paper describes this development and discusses the causes of the rise and fall of unemployment. It is argued that the steep rise in unemployment was mainly the result of a series of adverse macroeconomic shocks, partly self-inflicted by bad policies and partly caused by unfavourable international developments. Institutional factors, such as a trend increase in the generosity of unemployment insurance, caused some secular rise in NAIRU but do not appear as promising explanations of the events of the early 1990s. The fall in unemployment in the late 1990s reflects a combination of favorable macroeconomic conditions and structural factors that may have reduced the NAIRU.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Uppsala University, Department of Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number 2003:13.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: 12 Mar 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Werding, Martin (ed.), Structural Unemployment in Western Europe: Reasons and Remedies, Cambridge MA, London UK: MIT Press, Short version, 2006.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:uunewp:2003_013

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, P. O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Phone: + 46 18 471 25 00
Fax: + 46 18 471 14 78
Email:
Web page: http://www.nek.uu.se/
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Keywords: Unemployment; employment; macroeconomic shocks; labor market institutions;

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References

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