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Finance, Comparative Advantage, and Resource Allocation

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  • Jaud, Melise

    ()

  • Kukenova, Madina

    ()

  • Strieborny, Martin

    ()

Abstract

We show that exported products exit the US market sooner if they violate the Heckscher-Ohlin notion of comparative advantage. Crucially, this pattern is stronger when exporting country has a well-developed banking system, measured by a high ratio of bank credit over the GDP. Banks thus push firms away from exports that are facing an uphill battle on a competitive foreign market due to a suboptimal use of the domestic factor endowment. Our results imply a disciplining role for bank credit in terminating inefficient trade flows. This constitutes a new channel through which finance improves resource allocation in the real economy. Keywords: resource misallocation, finance, comparative advantage, ex- port survival

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Knut Wicksell Centre for Financial Studies, Lund University in its series Knut Wicksell Working Paper Series with number 2013/11.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 19 Jun 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:luwick:2013_011

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Postal: Knut Wicksell Centre for Financial Studies, Lund University School of Economics and Management, P.O. Box 7080, S-220 07 Lund, Sweden
Phone: +46 46-222 32 61
Fax: +46 46-222 34 06
Web page: http://www.lusem.lu.se/kwc
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Keywords: Resource misallocation; finance; comparative advantage; ex-port survival;

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Cited by:
  1. David VanHoose, 2013. "A Model of International Trade in Banking Services," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 613-625, September.
  2. Kukenova, Madina, 2011. "Financial liberalization and allocative dfficiency of capital," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5670, The World Bank.

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