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A Dynamic Analysis of Regulation and Productivity in Retail Trade

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  • Maican, Florin

    ()
    (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN))

  • Orth, Matilda

    ()
    (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN))

Abstract

Liberalization is widely recognized to drive productivity growth. Retail trade is often thought to substantially contribute to the frequently debated productivity gap between Europe and the U.S. In Europe, entry regulations empower local authorities to decide on the entry of new stores. We use a dynamic structural model and data on all retail stores in Sweden during the period 1996–2002 to quantify the effect of entry regulations on productivity in retail. The results show that the approval of an additional application by local authorities increases median productivity by approximately 2 percent in most subsectors. A stricter regulation in terms of one fewer approved application in each local market corresponds to an annual economic cost for the retail trade sector of nearly 10 percent of total annual capital investments. Our findings suggest that a restrictive entry regulation limits the role of entry and exit in local market dynamics and productivity growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute of Industrial Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number 939.

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Length: 80 pages
Date of creation: 14 Nov 2012
Date of revision: 12 Apr 2014
Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0939

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Postal: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46 8 665 4500
Fax: +46 8 665 4599
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Web page: http://www.ifn.se/
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Keywords: Retail Trade; Regulation; Imperfect Competition; Dynamic Structural Model;

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