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Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry

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  • Bertrand, Marianne

    ()
    (University of Chicago)

  • Kramarz, Francis

    ()
    (CREST (ENSAE))

Abstract

Are product market and entry regulation key sources of low employment growth in many European countries? We investigate this question in the context of the French retail trade industry. Since 1974, approval by regional zoning boards has been required for the creation or extension of any large retail store in France. We exploit a unique database that provides time and region specific variation in boards’ approval decisions. We show that stronger deterrence of entry by the boards, and the increase in large retail chains’ concentration it induced, slowed down employment growth in France.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 415.

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Length: 55 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2002, 117 (4), 1369-1414
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp415

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Keywords: employment; retail trade; zoning regulation;

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  1. Pourquoi il faut libéraliser l’ouverture des commerces le dimanche
    by Vincent Benard in Contrepoints on 2014-03-19 06:32:59
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