The Todaro Paradox Revisited
AbstractThe Todaro Paradox states that policies aimed at reducing urban unemployment are bound to backfire: they will raise rather than reduce urban unemployment. The aim of this paper is to reexamine this paradox in the context of efficiency wage and search-matching models. For that, we study a policy that consists in decreasing the urban unemployment benefit. In an efficiency wage model, we find that there is no Todaro paradox while this is not always true in a search-matching model since a decrease in the urban unemployment benefit can increase both urban employment and unemployment.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Institute of Industrial Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number 652.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 09 Nov 2005
Date of revision:
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More information through EDIRC
Efficiency Wages; Search-Matching; Rural-Urban Migration; Policy;
Other versions of this item:
- D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search, Learning, and Information
- J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-12-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2005-12-01 (Development)
- NEP-LAB-2005-12-01 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2005-12-01 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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