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Income Shocks and Gender Gaps in Education: Evidence from Uganda

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  • Björkman, Martina

    ()
    (Institute for International Economic Studies, Stockholm University)

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    Abstract

    This paper uses exogenous variation in rainfall across districts in Uganda to estimate the causal effects of household income shocks to in children’s enrollment and cognitive skills conditional on gender. I find negative income shocks to have large negative and highly significant effects on female enrollment in primary schools and the effect grows stronger for older girls. The effect on boys’ enrollment is smaller and only marginally significant. Moreover, I find that a negative income shock has an adverse effect on test scores in general and test scores of female students in particular. The results imply that households respond to income shocks by varying the quantity and quality of girls’ education while boys are to a larger extent sheltered – a finding consistent with a model where parents’ values of child labor differ across sexes.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies in its series Seminar Papers with number 744.

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    Length: 51 pages
    Date of creation: 02 Mar 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:iiessp:0744

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    Keywords: Rainfall; education; test scores; gender;

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    Cited by:
    1. Zimmermann, Laura, 2012. "Remember When It Rained: The Elusiveness of Gender Discrimination in Indian School Enrollment," IZA Discussion Papers 6833, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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