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Intergenerational transmission of non-communicable chronic diseases

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  • Catarina Goulao

    (TSE - Toulouse School of Economics - Toulouse School of Economics)

  • Agustin Pérez-Barahona

    (INRA-UMR 210 Economie Publique - {-}, Department of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7176 - Polytechnique - X)

Abstract

We introduce a theoretical framework that contributes to the understanding of non-communicable chronic diseases' (NCDs) epidemics: even if NCDs are non-infectious diseases, they may spread due to the social transmission of unhealthy activities such as unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and smoking. In particular, we study the intergener- ational dimension of this mechanism. We find that, due to the social transmission of NCDs, agents choose lower health conditions and higher unhealthy activities than what is socially optimal. Taxes on unhealthy activities, that may subsidize health investments, can be used to restore the social optimum. Finally, our model is consistent with the existence of regional asymmetries regarding the prevalence of obesity and NCDs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00690325.

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Date of creation: 23 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00690325

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Keywords: Health capital; Chronic diseases and obesity; Social transmission.;

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As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. One more argument for taxing unhealthy activities
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2011-12-13 15:12:00
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Cited by:
  1. Benteng Zou & Ingmar Schumacher, 2013. "Threshold Preferences and the Environment," CREA Discussion Paper Series 13-14, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  2. repec:ipg:wpaper:15 is not listed on IDEAS

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