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On the distributional consequences of epidemics

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  • Boucekkine, Raouf
  • Laffargue, Jean-Pierre

Abstract

We develop a tractable general theory for the study of the economic and demographic impact of epidemics, notably its distributional consequences. To this end, we build up a three-period overlapping generations model where altruistic parents choose optimal health expenditures for their children and themselves. The survival probability of adults and children depends on such investments. Agents can be skilled or unskilled. In this paper, epidemics are modeled as one-period exogenous shocks to the adults' survival rates. We first show that such epidemics have permanent effects on the size of population and on the level of output. However, the income distribution is shown to be unaltered in the long-run. Second, we show that this distribution may be significantly altered in the medium-term: in particular, the proportion of the unskilled will necessarily increase at that term if orphans are too penalized in the access to education.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control.

Volume (Year): 34 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 231-245

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Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:34:y:2010:i:2:p:231-245

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jedc

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Keywords: Epidemics Orphans Income distribution Endogenous survival Medium-term dynamics;

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References

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  7. Clive Bell & Hans Gersbach, 2006. "Growth and Enduring Epidemic Diseases," CESifo Working Paper Series 1729, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. Alwyn Young, 2007. "In sorrow to bring forth children: fertility amidst the plague of HIV," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 283-327, December.
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  10. Clive Bell & Shantayanan Devarajan & Hans Gersbach, 2003. "The long-run economic costs of AIDS : theory and an application to South Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3152, The World Bank.
  11. BOUCEKKINE, Raouf & DESBORDES, Rodolphe & LATZER, Hélène, . "How do epidemics induce behavioral changes?," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2160, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  15. Galor, Oded & Moav, Omer, 2005. "Natural Selection and the Evolution of Life Expectancy," CEPR Discussion Papers 5373, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  16. BOUCEKKINE, RAOUF & de la CROIX, David & LICANDRO, Omar, 2004. "Modelling vintage structures with DDEs : principles and applications," CORE Discussion Papers 2004047, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Vasilakis, Chrysovalantis, 2011. "Fighting poverty and child malnutrition: on the design of foreign aid policies," MPRA Paper 30066, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Bell, Clive & Gersbach, Hans, 2013. "Growth and enduring epidemic diseases," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 2083-2103.
  3. Grégory Ponthière, 2012. "Fair Accumulation under Risky Lifetime," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-00746913, HAL.
  4. repec:hal:psewpa:halshs-00746913 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Pierre Pestieau & Gregory Ponthiere, 2012. "The Public Economics of Increasing Longevity," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 200(1), pages 41-74, March.
  6. Karlsson, Martin & Nilsson, Therese & Pichler, Stefan, 2012. "What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger? The Impact of the 1918 Spanish Flu Epidemic on Economic Performance in Sweden," Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics 57149, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL).
  7. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00746913 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Catarina Goulao & Agustin Pérez-Barahona, 2012. "Intergenerational transmission of non-communicable chronic diseases," Working Papers hal-00690325, HAL.
  9. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00676492 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Azomahou, Theophile & Soete, Luc & Diene, Bity & Diene, Mbaye, 2012. "Optimal health investment with separable and non-separable preferences," MERIT Working Papers 047, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  11. Augier, Laurent & Yaly, Amy, 2013. "Economic growth and disease in the OLG model: The HIV/AIDS case," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 471-481.

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