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Détournements de main-d'œuvre et externalités de la formation dans un modèle de concurrence imparfaite

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  • Alexandre Léné

    ()
    (CLERSE - Centre lillois d'études et de recherches sociologiques et économiques - CNRS : UMR8019 - Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille - Lille I)

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    Abstract

    Les systèmes de formation sont confrontés au problème du braconnage de la main-d'œuvre. L'analyse distingue deux types de détournement de main-d'œuvre : l'un fondé sur la transférablilité des compétences, l'autre sur la possibilité qu'ont les firmes concurrentes de transformer ces compétences. Il peut alors être rationnel pour certaines firmes, et dans certaines conditions, de former même si elles perdent une partie de leur main-d'œuvre. Cette situation n'est cependant pas socialement optimale et justifie l'intervention des pouvoirs publics.

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/15/06/87/PDF/EA-Lene_Alexandre.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00150687.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Publication status: Published, Economie Appliquée, 2005, vol.58, n°2, juin, p.45-70
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00150687

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00150687/en/
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    Related research

    Keywords: formation; concurrence; détournement; main-d'oeuvre qualifiée; apprentissage;

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    1. Chiang, Shih-Chen & Chiang, Shin-Hwan, 1990. "Sharing the Cost of Investment in General Training," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(55), pages 266-72, December.
    2. Rosen, Sherwin, 1987. "Some Economics of Teaching," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(4), pages 561-75, October.
    3. McLaughlin, Kenneth J, 1994. "Rent Sharing in an Equilibrium Model of Matching and Turnover," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(4), pages 499-523, October.
    4. Moen, Espen R. & Rosén, Åsa, 2002. "Does poaching distort training?," Working Paper Series 4/2002, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
    5. Stevens, Margaret, 1994. "A Theoretical Model of On-the-Job Training with Imperfect Competition," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(4), pages 537-62, October.
    6. Steedman, Hilary, 1993. "The Economics of Youth Training in Germany," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(420), pages 1279-91, September.
    7. Rainer Winkelmann, 1996. "Employment prospects and skill acquisition of apprenticeship-trained workers in Germany," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 49(4), pages 658-672, July.
    8. Spiros Bougheas & Yannis Georgellis, 2004. "Early Career Mobility and Earnings Profiles of German Apprentices: Theory and Empirical Evidence ," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 18(2), pages 233-263, 06.
    9. Booth, Alison L & Satchell, Stephen E, 1994. "Apprenticeships and Job Tenure," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(4), pages 676-95, October.
    10. Sattinger, Michael, 1979. "Differential Rents and the Distribution of Earnings," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 31(1), pages 60-71, March.
    11. Acemoglu, Daron & Pischke, Jorn-Steffen, 2000. "Certification of training and training outcomes," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(4-6), pages 917-927, May.
    12. Parsons, Donald O, 1972. "Specific Human Capital: An Application to Quit Rates and Layoff Rates," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(6), pages 1120-43, Nov.-Dec..
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