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Disparités de revenus à différentes échelles spatiales en France de 1985 à 2001

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  • Louafi Bouzouina

    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat)

  • Dominique Mignot

    ()
    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat)

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    Abstract

    Cette communication propose de mesurer les disparités de revenus sur plusieurs échelles spatiales de la France de 1985 à 2001. Nous analysons dans un premier temps l'évolution des disparités des revenus fiscaux entre les communes à l'échelle nationale et régionale, puis nous nous focalisons sur l'échelle intra-urbaine pour mettre en évidence une croissance des écarts entre les communes riches et les communes pauvres dans les aires urbaines de plus de 100 000 habitants. Le découpage au niveau infra-communal nous permet ensuite de mesurer la ségrégation résidentielle des ménages par le revenu à partir d'un indice de ségrégation et de comparer son niveau dans les différentes aires urbaines. Enfin nous illustrons à l'aide des études existantes quelques caractéristiques du processus ségrégatif à l'œuvre.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00108437.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Publication status: Published - Presented, ASRDLF. Villes et territoires face aux défis de la mondialisation - XLIè colloque de l'ASRDLF, 5-7 septembre 2005, Dijon, 2005, France
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00108437

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00108437/en/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Disparités de revenus ; disparités spatiales ; ségrégation spatiale;

    References

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    1. Brueckner, Jan & Zenou, Yves, 2000. "Space And Unemployment: The Labour-Market Effects Of Spatial Mismatch," CEPR Discussion Papers 2397, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    9. Katherine M. O'Regan & John M. Quigley, 1998. "Where Youth Live: Economic Effects of Urban Space on Employment Prospects," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(7), pages 1187-1205, June.
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    11. Cutler, David M & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Are Ghettos Good or Bad?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(3), pages 827-72, August.
    12. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R & Sjoquist, David L, 1990. "Job Accessibility and Racial Differences in Youth Employment Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 267-76, March.
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