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An Equilibrium Model of Sorting in an Urban Housing Market: The Causes and Consequences of Residential Segregation

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  • Patrick J. Bayer

    ()
    (Yale University, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Department of Economics (Box 8268))

  • Robert McMillan

    ()
    (University of Toronto, Department of Economics)

  • Kim Rueben

    ()
    (Public Policy Institute of California)

Abstract

This paper presents a new equilibrium framework for analyzing economic and policy questions related to the sorting of households within a large metropolitan area. We estimate the model using restricted-access Census data that precisely characterize residential and employment locations for households in the San Francisco Bay Area, yielding accurate measures of preferences for a wide variety of housing and neighborhood attributes across different types of household. We use these estimates to explore the causes and consequences of racial segregation in general equilibrium. Our results indicate that, given the preference structure of households in the Bay Area, the elimination of racial differences in income and wealth would significantly increase the residential segregation of each major racial group, as the equalization of income leads, for example, to the formation of new wealthy, segregated Black and Hispanic neighborhoods. We also provide evidence that sorting on the basis of race itself (whether driven by preferences or discrimination) leads to large reductions in the consumption of housing, public safety, and school quality by Black and Hispanic households.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Yale School of Management in its series Yale School of Management Working Papers with number ysm410.

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Date of creation: 28 Jul 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ysm:somwrk:ysm410

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Web page: http://icf.som.yale.edu/
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Keywords: Segregation; Sorting; Housing Markets; Locational Equilibrium; Residential Choice; Discrete Choice;

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Cited by:
  1. Shihe Fu & Stephen Ross, 2010. "Wage Premia in Employment Clusters: How Important is Worker Heterogeneity?," Working Papers 2011-027, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.

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