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Propriété immobilière et trajectoires salariales : Quelles leçons tirer de la comparaison France – Etats – Unis ?

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Author Info

  • Carole Brunet

    (LED, Département d’Economie. 2, rue de la Liberté 93 526 SAINT-DENIS CEDEX)

  • Nathalie Havet

    ()
    (Université de Lyon, Lyon, F-69003, France; CNRS, GATE Lyon St Etienne, UMR 5824, 93, chemin des Mouilles, Ecully, F-69130, France; ENS-LSH, Lyon, France)

  • Jean-Yves Lesueur

    ()
    (Université de Lyon, Lyon, F-69003, France; CNRS, GATE Lyon St Etienne, UMR 5824, 93, chemin des Mouilles, Ecully, F-69130, France; ENS-LSH, Lyon, France)

Abstract

L'étude empirique proposée dans cet article s'inscrit dans la lignée des travaux portant sur les effets des choix résidentiels sur la qualité de l’insertion professionnelle sur le marché du travail. Elle se concentre en particulier sur la population en emploi et cherche à connaître l'influence du statut résidentiel sur les salaires individuels, qui est a priori ambiguë. D'une part, la propriété immobilière peut, en réduisant la mobilité et la taille du bassin de nouveaux emplois envisageables, diminuer les opportunités d’accroître son salaire ; d’autre part, les propriétaires peuvent faire jouer des réseaux sociaux plus importants et faire valoir une plus grande stabilité professionnelle auprès de leurs employeurs, ce qui est bénéfique pour une promotion salariale interne éventuellement assortie du financement d’une formation interne. Nous utilisons la partie française du Panel Européen des Ménages 1995-2001 et les données américaines du Panel Survey of Income Dynamics 1994-1999. Les résultats obtenus montrent que les propriétaires bénéficient, toutes choses étant égales par ailleurs, d’une prime salariale en France par rapport aux locataires, alors qu’aux Etats-Unis, les rémunérations des deux groupes sont en moyenne équivalentes. Ces résultats remettent en cause l’hypothèse d’Oswald selon laquelle la propriété immobilière serait néfaste aux performances sur le marché du travail.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure in its series Working Papers with number 1011.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:1011

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Keywords: Residential status; wage; matching;

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