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Does public housing occupancy increase unemployment?

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  • Claire Dujardin

    ()
    (CORE - Center for Operations Research and Econometrics - Université Catholique de Louvain)

  • Florence Goffette-Nagot

    ()
    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

Abstract

This paper shows that living in public housing has no effect on the probability of being unemployed in France, once we account for the endogeneity of public housing. We estimate a simultaneous probit model of unemployment and public housing. On a first sample for Lyon, we instrument public housing with the gender composition of children. On a second national sample, the instrument is the city-level share of public housing. Both samples yield the same conclusion, which we justify by showing that a small amount of selection on unobservables is enough to eliminate the positive effect found in “naive” estimates.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00436679.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Publication status: Published, Journal of Economic Geography, 2009, 9, pp. 823-851
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00436679

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00436679/en/
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Keywords: Public housing; unemployment; simultaneous probit models; instrumental variables;

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References

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  1. Svarer, Michael & Rosholm, Michael & Munch, Jakob Roland, 2005. "Rent control and unemployment duration," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(11-12), pages 2165-2181, December.
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  3. Cécile Détang-Dessendre & Florence Goffette-Nagot & Virginie Piguet, 2008. "Life Cycle And Migration To Urban And Rural Areas: Estimation Of A Mixed Logit Model On French Data," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(4), pages 789-824.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Claire Dujardin & Florence Goffette-Nagot, 2009. "Neighborhood effects on unemployment ? A test à la Altonji," Working Papers 0924, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure.
  2. Florence Goffette-Nagot & Modibo Sidibé, 2013. "Housing wealth accumulation : The role of public housing," Working Papers 1343, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure.
  3. David G. Blanchflower & Andrew J. Oswald, 2013. "Does High Home-Ownership Impair the Labor Market?," Working Paper Series WP13-3, Peterson Institute for International Economics.

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