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Le "risque judiciaire" et les licenciements en France : le point de vue de l’économie du risque

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  • Eric Langlais
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    Abstract

    Le droit du licenciement expose-t-il les entreprises françaises à un "risque judiciaire"? L’article discute les arguments des différentes thèses (Blanchard et Tirole (2003), Cahuc et Kramarz (2004), Munoz-Perez et Serverin (2005)) en interprétant les informations empiriques disponibles relatives aux décisions des salariés (acceptation/contestation) et des entreprises (choix du motif de licenciement) à partir des instruments de l’économie du risque. Nous montrons que l’analyse des données relatives aux recours devant les Prud’Hommes suggère de la part des salariés une attitude nettement moins riscophobe (voire clairement riscophile) que celle habituellement révélée sur les marchés du risque. Par ailleurs, nous montrons que le licenciement pour motif personnel n’apparait comme systématiquement préférable au motif économique que dans la mesure où les entreprises sont supposées riscophobes. A l’inverse, la comparaison du coût anticipé d’un licenciement entre le motif économique et le motif personnel apparait très sensible aux hypothèses concernant l’ancienneté du salarié, le taux de rejet du salarié devant les Prud’Hommes, ou le coût indirect du licenciement.

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    File URL: http://www.univ-nancy2.fr/CEREFIGE/realisations/cahiers/cahier2008/E%20LANGLAIS%202008%2007.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2008
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CEREFIGE (Centre Europeen de Recherche en Economie Financiere et Gestion des Entreprises), Universite de Lorraine in its series Cahiers du CEREFIGE with number 0807.

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    Length: 39 pages
    Date of creation: 2008
    Date of revision: 2008
    Handle: RePEc:fie:wpaper:0807

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    Related research

    Keywords: licenciements; Prud’Hommes; risque judiciaire;

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