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Convergence in Social Protection Across EU Countries, 1970-1999

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Abstract

This paper examines the degree of convergence in social protection registered in the European Union during the 1970-99 period. To that end, we use Eurostat data and study the long-run properties of the data set using time series analysis. Our results indicate that there is no evidence of long-run convergence in Social Protection expenditure to GDP ratios. However, we do find evidence of catching-up with respect both to Germany and the EU average for all countries belonging to EU12, except for Greece.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes in its series Economics Working Papers with number 018.

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Length: 15 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:epr:enepwp:018

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Keywords: Social Protection Expenditure; Convergence; European Union;

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  1. Perron, Pierre, 1989. "The Great Crash, the Oil Price Shock, and the Unit Root Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1361-1401, November.
  2. Javier Alonso & Miguel-Angel Galindo & Simon Sosvilla-Rivero, 1998. "Convergence in social protection benefits across EU countries," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(3), pages 153-155.
  3. Bajo-Rubio, Oscar & Sosvilla-Rivero, Simon & Fernandez-Rodriguez, Fernando, 2001. "Asymmetry in the EMS: New evidence based on non-linear forecasts," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 451-473, March.
  4. Andrew B. Bernard & Steven N. Durlauf, 1994. "Interpreting Tests of the Convergence Hypothesis," NBER Technical Working Papers 0159, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Oscar Bajo-Rubio & Simón Sosvilla-Rivero & Fernado Fernández-Rodríguez, . "Asymmetry in the EMS: New evidence based on non-linear forecasts," Working Papers 97-24, FEDEA.
  6. José A. Herce & Simón Sosvilla-Rivero & Juan J. De Lucio, . "Social protection benefits and growth: Evidence from the European Union," Working Papers 98-01, FEDEA.
  7. Javier Alonso & Miguel Angel Galindo & Simón Sosvilla-Rivero, . "Convergence in social protection benefits across EU countries," Working Papers 97-03, FEDEA.
  8. José A. Herce & Simón Sosvilla-Rivero & Juan J. De Lucio, . "Growth and the Welfare State in the EU: A causality analysis," Working Papers 98-12, FEDEA.
  9. Herce, Jose A & Sosvilla-Rivero, Simon & de Lucio, Juan Jose, 2001. " Growth and the Welfare State in the EU: A Causality Analysis," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 109(1-2), pages 55-68, October.
  10. Nelson, Charles R. & Plosser, Charles I., 1982. "Trends and random walks in macroeconmic time series : Some evidence and implications," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 139-162.
  11. Jose Herce & Simon Sosvilla-Rivero & Juan Jose De Lucio, 2000. "Social protection benefits and growth: evidence from the European Union," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(6), pages 397-400.
  12. Bernard, A.B. & Durlauf, S.N., 1993. "Convergence in International Output," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 93-7, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
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