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El Mercado Laboral en Chile Nuevos Temas y Desaf�os

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  • Jaime Gatica
  • Pilar Romaguera

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    Abstract

    La situaci�n laboral ha generado una creciente preocupaci�n en los �ltimos a�os en Chile. El lento crecimiento de la econom�a a partir de la crisis asi�tica de los a�nos 1998-99 determin� el aumento de la tasa de desocupaci�n que se ha mantenido en el tiempo, situaci�n que dio lugar a un debate acerca de las causas del desempleo y, en particular, sobre si este era de car�cter c�clico o estructural. A esto, a su vez, se suman nuevos temas como la alta rotaci�n del empleo, los efectos econ�micos de la legislaci�n laboral, y las dificultades de inserci�n laboral de grupos espec�ficos de la poblaci�n, como son los j�venes y las mujeres. Al examinar los distintos trabajos que se han realizado recientemente sobre estos temas, veremos que algunos ratifican la evidencia encontrada por investigaciones previas; sin embargo, existen tambi�n nuevos resultados que son aparentemente contradictorios o plantean verdaderos puzzles en su interpretaci�n. Esto se explica no s�lo porque cada investigaci�n enfatiza un aspecto particular de esta problem�tica, sino tambi�n porque el mercado laboral parece ser m�s heterog�neo de lo esperado. A partir de esta revisi�n surge una interesante agenda futura de temas laborales cuya soluci�n es necesaria para potenciar el crecimiento de la econom�a en el mediano plazo.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 210.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:210

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    1. Ricardo Caballero & Kevin N. Cowan & Eduardo M. R. A. Engel & Alejandro Micco, 2004. "Effective labor regulation and microeconomic flexibility," Working Papers 04-6, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
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    3. Alexis Camhi & Eduardo Engel & Alejandro Micco, 1997. "Dinámica de empleo y productividad en manufactura: Evidencia micro y consecuencias macro," Documentos de Trabajo 19, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
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    9. Raphael Bergoeing & Andrés Hernando & Andrea Repetto, 2003. "Idiosyncratic Productivity Shocks and Plant-Level Heterogeneity," Documentos de Trabajo 173, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
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