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Dinámica de empleo y productividad en manufactura: Evidencia micro y consecuencias macro

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Author Info

  • Alexis Camhi
  • Eduardo Engel

    ()

  • Alejandro Micco

Abstract

Este trabajo estudia los flujos anuales de empleo y la productividad (media del trabajo) de un promedio anual de aproximadamente 3,500 plantas del sector manufacturero chileno durante el período 1980-1992. Las principales conclusiones son las siguientes: (i) Las plantas exhiben una extraordinario heterogeneidad en sus flujos brutos anuales de empleo (creación y destrucción de empleo) y en sus tasa de productividad: un 43% tiene cambios anuales de empleo –y un 45% cambios anuales de productividad- que, en términos absolutos, superan el 20%. (ii) Las plantas que exportan una fracción significativa de su producción tienen niveles de productividad más altos que aquéllas que no exportan nada. Esta diferencia es mayor (en promedio en un 13%) en sectores clasificados como 'exportadores'. (iii) Tanto las plantas nuevas como aquéllas que abandonan el mercado tienen un nivel de productividad inferior (diferencia promedio de 35 y 29%, respectivamente) que las plantas continuas. (iv) Las plantas pasan por un proceso de aprendizaje durante sus primeros años de vida; el 23% de los empleos que se crean o destruyen (reasignación de empleo) en el sector se debe a este proceso.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 19.

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Date of creation: 1997
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Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:19

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Web page: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/cea/
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Cited by:
  1. Osvaldo Larrañaga & Ricardo Paredes, 1999. "Unemployment and Wages in Chile: A Dynamic Perspective Using Synthetic Cohorts," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 36(109), pages 929-946.
  2. Raphael Bergoeing & Patrick J. Kehoe & Timothy J & Kehoe & Raimundo Soto, 2001. "A decade lost and found: Mexico and Chile in the 1980s," Staff Report 292, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  3. Jos� Miguel Benavente & Alexander Galetovic & Ricardo Sanhueza, 2005. "La din�mica industrial y el financiamiento de las pyme," Documentos de Trabajo 201, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  4. José Miguel Benavente & Christian Ferrada, 2004. "Probability of Survival of New Manufacturing Plants: the case of Chile," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 305, Econometric Society.
  5. Alejandro Micco & Carmen Pagés-Serra, 2004. "Protección del empleo y flujo bruto de puestos de trabajo: un enfoque de diferencias en diferencias," Research Department Publications 4366, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Víctor O. Lima & Ricardo D. Paredes, 2007. "The dynamics of the labor markets in Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 34(2 Year 20), pages 163-183, December.
  7. Rodrigo Vergara & Rosario Rivero, 2005. "Productividad Sectorial en Chile: 1986-2001," Documentos de Trabajo 286, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  8. Ricardo Paredes & Victor Lima, 2004. "Labor Market Regimes and Mobility through a Markov Chain in Chile," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 317, Econometric Society.
  9. Jaime Gatica & Pilar Romaguera, 2005. "El Mercado Laboral en Chile Nuevos Temas y Desaf�os," Documentos de Trabajo 210, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  10. Alejandro Micco & Carmen Pagés-Serra, 2004. "Employment Protection and Gross Job Flows: A Differences-in-Differences Approach," Research Department Publications 4365, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  11. Lucas Navarro & Raimundo Soto, 2006. "Procyclical Productivity in Manufacturing," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 43(127), pages 193-220.

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