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Public and private sector wages interactions in a general equilibrium model

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  • Fernàndez-de-Córdoba, Gonzalo
  • Pérez, Javier J.
  • Torres, José L.

Abstract

This paper develops a dynamic general equilibrium model in which the public and the private sector interact in the labor market. Previous studies that analyze the labor market effects of public sector employment and wages have mostly assumed exogenous rules for public wage and public employment. We show that theories that equalize wages with marginal products in the private sector can rationalize the interaction of public and private sector wages when extended to accommodate a non-trivial government sector/public sector union that endogenously determines public employment and wages. Our model suggests a positive correlation between public and private sector wages. Any increase in tax revenues, coupled with the existence of a positive public-private sector wage gap, makes working in the public sector an attractive option. Thus, a positive neutral productivity shock increases public and private sector wages. More interestingly, even a private-sector specific productivity shock spills-over to the public sector, increasing public wages. These facts lend some support to the wage leading role of the private sector. Nevertheless, at the same time, a positive shock to public sector wages would lead to an increase in private sector wages, via the flow of workers from the private to the public sector. JEL Classification: C32, J30, J51, J52, E62, E63, H50

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 1099.

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Date of creation: Oct 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20091099

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Keywords: Labor market; public employment; public wages; Trade Unions;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. George Economides & Apostolis Philippopoulos & Vangelis Vassilatos, 2011. "Public Providers, versus Private Providers, of Public Goods: A General Equilibrium Study of the Role of the State," CESifo Working Paper Series 3487, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2013. "Fiscal policy in a Real-Business-Cycle model with labor-intensive government services and endogenous public sector wages and hours," Working Papers 2013_18, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
  3. Francisco de Castro & Francisco Martí & Antonio Montesinos & Javier J. Pérez & A. Jesús Sánchez-Fuentes, 2014. "Fiscal policies in Spain: Main stylises facts revisited," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 1408, Banco de Espa�a.
  4. Lamo, Ana & Pérez, Javier J. & Schuknecht, Ludger, 2013. "Are government wages interlinked with private sector wages?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 697-712.
  5. Javier Pérez, 2010. "Discussion of the paper “A rational expectations model for simulation and policy evaluation of the Spanish economy”," SERIEs, Spanish Economic Association, vol. 1(1), pages 171-173, March.
  6. Gonzalo F De córdoba & Javier J Pérez & José L Torres, 2012. "On the substitutability between public and private employment," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(3), pages 2700-2709.
  7. Cortuk, Orcan & Güler, Mustafa Haluk, 2013. "A disaggregated approach to the government spending shocks: an theoretical analysis," MPRA Paper 45318, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2013. "Cyclical and welfare effects of public sector unions in a Real-Business-Cycle model," Working Papers 2013_19, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.

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