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Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina’s Downturns

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Author Info

  • Guillermo Cruces

    (CEDLAS-FCE-UNLP, CONICET and IZA)

  • Pablo Glüzman

    (CEDLASFCE-UNLP and CONICET)

  • Luis Felipe López Calva

    (The World Bank, Poverty and gender unit, Latin America and the Caribbean)

Abstract

Este estudio investiga el impacto de las recientes crisis en Argentina (incluyendo la grave recesión de 2001-2002) en la salud y la educación. La estrategia de identificación se basa en la covarianza entre los cambios en el PIB regional y los resultados por provincia en términos intertemporales e interprovinciales. Estos resultados indican efectos significativos e importantes de las fluctuaciones agregadas en la mortalidad materna e infantil y en el bajo peso al nacer, así como un patrón contracíclico aunque no significativo para las tasas de matrícula. Finalmente, el gasto público provincial en salud y educación se correlacionan con la incidencia del bajo peso al nacer y la matriculación escolar de los adolescentes, con peores resultados ante una disminución del PIB.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series CEDLAS, Working Papers with number 0121.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0121

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Postal: Calle 48 No555 - La Plata (1900)
Phone: 21- 1466
Fax: 54-21-25-9536
Web page: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/
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Keywords: crisis; infant mortality; maternal mortality; low birth weight; poverty; Argentina;

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