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Taux de rendement de l’éducation sur le marché du travail d’un pays en développement Un réexamen du modèle de gains de Mincer

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  • Florence Arestoff

    ()
    (DIAL, Université Paris IX-Dauphine)

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    Abstract

    This article analyses the returns of education as defined by Mincer’s model (1974), in the malagasy case. Selection bias in the labour market and endogeneity bias of education are corrected for. Moreover, the type of education is taken into account. Indeed, this variable is suspected to play a key role as more than 50% of the pupils were enrolled in private schools in 1997. Under a competitive labour market hypothesis, education doesn’t seem to exert any direct impact over revenues. So, it would only be an indicator of motivation and abilities of each to work. This result is confirmed in the formal sector, when we suppose a segmented labour market in Antananarivo. On the contrary, in the informal sector, the rate of return of one more year of education reaches 7% and public education allows work revenues significatively higher than private education does.________________________________ Sous l’hypothèse d’un marché du travail concurrentiel, l’éducation ne semble exercer aucun impact direct sur les revenus. Elle ne servirait donc que d’indicateur de la motivation et des facilités de chacun à travailler. Ce résultat est confirmé dans le secteur formel, lorsque l’on suppose que le marché du travail de la capitale malgache est segmenté. En revanche, dans le secteur informel, le taux de rendement d’une année d’éducation supplémentaire atteint 7% et l’enseignement public engendre un revenu du travail significativement plus élevé que l’enseignement privé.

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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2000/2000-11
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2000/11.

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    Length: 43 pages
    Date of creation: 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200011

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