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Éducation, expérience et salaire

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  • Éric Maurin
  • Dominique Goux

Abstract

[ger] Ausbildung, Erfahrung und Lohn: jüngste Tendenzen und Langfrishige Entwich lung, . von Dominique Goux und Éric Maurin.. . Mit dieser Studie sollen die Lohndisparitäten, die auf die Berufserfahrung und die Diplome zurückzuführen sind, anhand eines Panels von Beschäftigungserhebungen (1990-1994) gemessen werden, wobei die Verzerrungen aufgrund der Endogenität von nicht beobachteten Merkmalen der Individuen sowie die Verzerrungen infolge der Endogenität der besonderen Lohnpraktiken der Arbeitgeber neutralisiert werden. Auf der Grundlage eines Pseudopanels von Erhebungen über die Ausbildung und die berufliche Qualifikation wird außerdem die Entwicklung des Lohnertrags bei den zwischen 1970 und 1993 abgelegten Diplomen unter Neutralisierung der Effekte der zunehmenden Selektivität der Arbeitslosigkeit bewertet. [eng] Education, experience and wsages. Recent trends and long-term evolution, . by Dominique Goux et Éric Maurin.. . This study uses an Employment survey panel (1990-1994) to endeavour to measure wage disparities linked to professional experience and qualifications. To do this, it neutralizes the biases connected with the endogenousness of unobserved individual characteristics as well as those related to the endogenousness of specific employer wage practices. It moreover uses a pseudo-survey panel on training and vocational qualifications to evaluate the development of the wage return on qualifications from 1970 to 1993 by neutralizing the effects of growing unemployment selectivity. [fre] Éducation, expérience et salaire. Tendances récentes et évolution de long terme, . par Dominique Goux et Éric Maurin.. . À partir d'un panel d'enquêtes emploi (1990-1994), l'étude cherche à mesurer les disparités de salaires liées à l'expérience professionnelle et aux diplômes, en neutralisant les biais liés à l' endogénéité de caractéristiques non observées des individus, ainsi que ceux liés à l'endogénéité des pratiques salariales spséscifîques des employeurs. Sur la base d'un pseudo-panel d'enquêtes sur la formation et la qualification professionnelle (FQP), on évalue par ailleurs l'évolution du rendement salarial des diplômes entre 1979 et 1993, en neutralisant les effets de la sélectivité croissante du chômage. [spa] Educación, experiencia y salarios. Tendencias recientes y evolución a largo plazo, . by Dominique Goux y Éric Maurin.. . A partir de un panel de encuestas Empleo (1990-1994), el estudio se propone medir las disparidades de salarios vinculadas a la experiencia profesional y a los diplomas, neutralizando los sezgos que provienen del carácter endógeno de las características no observadas de los individuos, así como también aquellos que provienen del carácter endógeno de las prácticas salariales específicas de los empleadores. Con la base de un pseudo-panel de encuestas sobre la capacitación y la calificación profesional (FQP), se évalua por otro lado la evolución del rendimiento salarial de los diplomas entre 1970 y 1993, neutralizando los efectos de la selectividad creciente de la desocupación.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 116 (1994)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 155-178

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1994_num_116_5_5704

Note: DOI:doi:10.3406/ecop.1994.5704
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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References

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  1. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
  2. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
  4. Krueger, Alan B & Summers, Lawrence H, 1988. "Efficiency Wages and the Inter-industry Wage Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(2), pages 259-93, March.
  5. J. A. Hausman, 1976. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Working papers 185, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. Akerlof, George A, 1984. "Gift Exchange and Efficiency-Wage Theory: Four Views," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 79-83, May.
  7. Biorn, Erik, 1981. "Estimating economic relations from incomplete cross-section/time-series data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 221-236, June.
  8. Arrow, Kenneth J., 1973. "Higher education as a filter," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 193-216, July.
  9. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number minc74-1.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Florence Arestoff, 2000. "Taux de rendement de l’éducation sur le marché du travail d’un pays en développement Un réexamen du modèle de gains de Mincer," Working Papers DT/2000/11, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  2. Gary-Bobo, Robert J. & Picard, Natalie & Prieto, Ana, 2006. "Birth Order and Sibship Sex Composition as Instruments in the Study of Education and Earnings," CEPR Discussion Papers 5514, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Arestoff, Florence, 2001. "Taux de rendement de l’éducation sur le marché du travail d’un pays en développement. Une analyse micro-économétrique," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4924, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Pierre Villa, 1995. "La mesure du capital éducatif," Working Papers 1995-06, CEPII research center.
  5. Xavier Joutard & Saïd Hanchane, 1998. "Une approche empirique de la structure du marché du travail : salaires, formes de mobilité et formation professionnelle continue," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 135(4), pages 57-75.
  6. Guillaume Destré, 2005. "Une mesure économétrique de la formation par les autres au sein de l'entreprise," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques bla05021, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  7. Delteil, Violaine & Pailhe, Ariane & Redor, Dominique, 2004. "Comparing individual wage determinants in Western and Central Europe: on the way to convergence? The cases of France and Hungary," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 482-499, September.
  8. Humburg Martin & Grip Andries de & Velden Rolf van der, 2012. "Which skills protect graduates against a slack labour market?," ROA Research Memorandum 001, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  9. B. Ben-Halima & Nathalie Chusseau & Joel Hellier, 2013. "Skill premia and intergenerational education mobility: The French case," Working Papers 313, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  10. Said Hanchane & Jacques Silber, 2007. "On the Link Between On-the-Job Training and Earnings Dispersion," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0023, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
  11. Didier Blanchet & Anne-Gisèle Privat, 2005. "L'avenir des retraites en France: Evalutation de l'impact des réformes de 1993 et de 2033 à l'aide du modèle de microsimulation Artémis," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/f4rshpf3v1u, Sciences Po.
  12. P. Charnoz & É. Coudin & M. Gaini, 2011. "Wage inequalities in France 1976-2004: a quantile regression analysis," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2011-06, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  13. Givord, Pauline & Maurin, Eric, 2003. "Job Tenure, Wages and Technology: A Reassessment Using Matched Worker-Firm Panel Data," CEPR Discussion Papers 4147, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Humburg Martin & Grip Andries de & Velden Rolf van der, 2012. "Which skills protect graduates against a slack labour market?," Research Memorandum 002, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  15. B. Ben Halima & N. Chusseau & J. Hellier, 2013. "Skill Premia and Intergenerational Skill Transmission: The French Case," Working Papers 285, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  16. Magnac, Thierry & Roux, Sébastien, 2007. "Dynamique des salaires dans une cohorte," IDEI Working Papers 436, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.

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