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Tratado de libre comercio entre Colombia y Estados Unidos: ¿Qué impacto puede tener en Colombia?

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Author Info

  • Orlando Gracia

    ()

  • Hernando Zuleta

    ()

Abstract

Para evaluar el impacto de un Tratado de libre comercio (TLC) entre Colombia y Estados Unidos, describimos las características de la economía colombiana, enfatizando en sus patrones y perspectivas de comercio, e identificando los sectores y regiones más sensibles a la firma de un TLC. Afirmamos que los efectos de un acuerdo bilateral entre Colombia y Estados Unidos, serán similares a los que han tenido anteriores reformas de liberalización comercial. Sin embargo, mientras Colombia espera la firma del TLC con Estados Unidos, ese país está cerca de firmar tratados bilaterales con algunos países de Latinoamérica. Por lo tanto, también puede haber efectos sobre la economía colombiana producto del cambio en las reglas comerciales entre sus socios. Primero analizamos el efecto de anteriores reformas comerciales en Colombia, México y Chile. Luego, a través de un modelo de equilibrio general multiregional aplicado, simulamos los efectos sobre la economía colombiana de un acuerdo bilateral con Estados Unidos. Concluimos que, aunque moderados, habrá aumentos en el bienestar y en la producción de los consumidores y firmas colombianos.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 004369.

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Length: 57
Date of creation: 27 Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004369

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Keywords: Acuerdos internacionales de comercio; Colombia; modelo multiregional;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Gustavo HERNÁNDEZ, 2013. "Una reseña de los efectos del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Colombia y Estados Unidos," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011204, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.

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