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Productividad Regional y Sectorial en Colombia: Análisis utilizando datos de panel

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  • Ana María Iregui B.

    ()

  • Luis Fernando Melo V.

    ()

  • María Teresa Ramírez G.

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se estimó la productividad total de los factores (PTF) y las elasticidades de los factores para la industria manufacturera colombiana, por área metropolitana y sector económico, durante el período 1975-2000, con el fin de incorporar las diferencias regionales en el análisis de la productividad. Para este fin, se utilizó la metodología de datos de panel y los desarrollos recientes de pruebas de raíz unitaria y cointegración para paneles. Para el total nacional, se obtuvo una elasticidad del trabajo de 0.85 y una del capital de 0.15. En cuanto a los parámetros de productividad, los sectores industriales más productivos son el de industria de bebidas, fabricación de sustancias químicas industriales y fabricación de papel y productos de papel. Al estimar las elasticidades factoriales tanto a nivel regional como sectorial, se encontró una gran heterogeneidad entre ellas.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 378.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:378

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Keywords: Productividad total de los factores (PTF) ; Colombia; economía regional datos de panel.;

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  1. Marcela Eslava & John Haltiwanger & Adriana Kugler & Maurice Kugler, 2004. "The Effects of Structural Reforms on Productivity and Profitability Enhancing Reallocation: Evidence from Colombia," Working Papers 134, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  2. Ángel Estrada & David López-Salido, 2001. "Accounting for Spanish productivity growth using sectoral data: New Evidence," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0110, Banco de Espa�a.
  3. Carlos Pombo, 1999. "Productividad industrial en Colombia: Una aplicación de números índices," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
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  12. Ana Fernandes, 2002. "Trade Policy, Trade Volumes and Plant-Level Productivity in Colombian Manufacturing Industries," Working Papers 847, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  13. Ángel Estrada & David López-Salido, 2001. "Accounting for Spanish productivity growth using sectoral data: New Evidence," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0110, Banco de Espa�a.
  14. Fernandes, Ana M., 2007. "Trade policy, trade volumes and plant-level productivity in Colombian manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 52-71, March.
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  16. Marcela Meléndez & Katja Seim & Pablo Medina, 2003. "Productivity Dynamics Of The Colombian Manufacturing Sector," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003390, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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Cited by:
  1. Luis F. Melo & John J. León & Dagoberto Saboyá, . "Cointegration Vector Estimation By Dols For A Three-Dimensional Panel," Borradores de Economia 474, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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