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Trade liberalization and the inter-industry wage premia: the missing role of productivity

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  • Paz, Lourenco

Abstract

The literature concerning the effect of tariffs on the inter-industry wage premium has not addressed the role of total factor productivity (TFP) in determining both the wage premium and tariffs. This omission invalidates the use of the pre-reform tariff level as an instrument for the change in tariffs. Based on an analysis of Colombian data, I find that including TFP in the estimated model of the effects of tariffs on the wage premium leads to a 36% decrease in the effect of tariffs on the inter-industry wage premium relative to the model that omits TFP. More specifically, a ten percentage point decrease in tariffs reduces the wage premium by 1.1%. This finding suggests the importance of using policies that boost productivity to offset the effect of tariffs on the wage premium.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 39024.

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Date of creation: 04 Jan 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:39024

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Keywords: inter-industry wage premium; trade liberalization; productivity; Colombia;

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