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Las Reformas estructurales en América Latina: Qué se ha reformado y cómo medirlo

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  • Eduardo Lora

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Abstract

Este documento es una actualización del trabajo original, y tiene como objeto describir y medir el avance de las reformas estructurales, utilizando para ello un índice de políticas estructurales que resume el estado de progreso de las políticas en las áreas comercial, financiera, tributaria, privatizaciones y laboral. Un artículo paralelo utiliza este índice para evaluar el efecto de las reformas estructurales sobre el crecimiento, la productividad y la inversión en América Latina. El índice se basa directamente en variables de política como las mencionadas. El índice permite comparar el estado de las distintas áreas de política dentro de un mismo país o de cada política entre países. En una escala que va de 0 a 1, el índice promedio para todos los países y todas las áreas de política estructural se encontraba en un nivel de 0,34 en 1985. Al terminar la década de los noventa llegaba a 0,58. Este cambio implica un progreso apreciable, pero también refleja el hecho de que aún queda un potencial importante por explotar.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4288.

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Date of creation: Dec 2001
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4288

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References

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  1. Francisco Rodriguez & Dani Rodrik, 1999. "Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic's Guide to Cross-National Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7081, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Peter J. Montiel & Eduardo Fernández-Arias, 1997. "Reform and Growth in Latin America: all Pain, no Gain?," IDB Publications 6801, Inter-American Development Bank.
  3. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 1-118.
  4. repec:umd:umdeco:rodriguez9901 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications 4301, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Dani Rodrik, 1996. "Understanding Economic Policy Reform," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(1), pages 9-41, March.
  7. Sebastian Edwards, 1997. "Openness, Productivity and Growth: What Do We Really Know?," NBER Working Papers 5978, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Jong-Wha Lee, 1992. "International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth," IMF Working Papers 92/90, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Easterly, William & Loayza, Norman & Montiel, Peter, 1997. "Has Latin America's post-reform growth been disappointing?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1708, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Schweickert, Rainer & Thiele, Rainer, 2004. "From Washington to post-Washington? Consensus policies and divergent developments in Latin America and Asia," Kiel Discussion Papers 408, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  2. Szekely, Miguel & Samano, Claudia, 2012. "Did Trade Openness Affect Income Distribution in Latin America? Evidence for the years 1980.2010," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  3. Carlos Felipe Jaramillo & Daniel Lederman & Maurizio Bussolo & David Gould & Andrew Mason, 2006. "Challenges of CAFTA : Maximizing the Benefits for Central America," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7127, October.
  4. Joaquín Vial & Cristobal Aninat & John Landregan & Patricio Navia, 2006. "Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes and Policy Outcomes in Chile," Research Department Publications 3222, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Orlando Gracia & Hernando Zuleta, 2005. "The Free Trade Agreement between Colombia and USA: What can happen to Colombia?," DEGIT Conference Papers c010_023, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  6. World Bank, 2004. "Honduras - Development Policy Review : Accelerating Broad-based Growth," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14368, The World Bank.
  7. Orlando Gracia & Hernando Zuleta, 2007. "Tratado de libre comercio entre Colombia y Estados Unidos: ¿Qué impacto puede tener en Colombia?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 004369, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  8. Toro González, Daniel & Doria, Martha, 2007. "La Curva de Laffer y la optimización del recaudo tributario en Cartagena de Indias
    [The Laffer Courve and government optimization of the tax revenues: The Cartagena de Indias case]
    ," MPRA Paper 2703, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Liliana Rojas-Suarez, 2002. "Towards a Sustainable FTAA: DOes Latin America Meet the Necessary Financial Preconditions?," Working Paper Series WP02-4, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  10. Joaquín Vial & Cristobal Aninat & John Landregan & Patricio Navia, 2006. "Instituciones políticas, procesos de diseño de políticas y resultados de las políticas en Chile," Research Department Publications 3223, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.

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