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Equidad en la Diferencia: Políticas para la Movilidad Social de Grupos de Identidad. Misión de Movilidad Social y Equidad

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  • Juan Camilo Cárdenas

    ()

  • Hugo Ñopo

    ()

  • Jorge Luis Castañeda

Abstract

Este documento de política se propone (i) documentar la evidencia existente sobre las desigualdades definidas por la pertenencia a un grupo étnico, la identidad sexual o una situación de discapacidad en Colombia, (ii) analizar las mejores prácticas internacionales y nacionales para reducir dichas inequidades y (iii), a partir de (i) y (ii), derivar recomendaciones de política pública que permitan mejorar los procesos de inclusión en la diferencia, y de esta manera la movilidad social, de estos grupos en el país. El diagnóstico se concentrará en identificar las dimensiones sociales o mercados en que se manifiestan las diferentes desigualdades asociadas a la identidad de los individuos por su grupo étnico, género, orientación sexual o estado de discapacidad, aunque en estas últimas dos categorías la escasez de datos limita sustancialmente el análisis. Dentro de las recomendaciones se busca un equilibrio entre la urgente necesidad de intervenir en el corto plazo y la tarea de construir las bases de un cambio cultural y socioeconómico más duradero, buscando para el largo plazo el tránsito hacia una sociedad más incluyente en la diversidad y la diferencia. Para lograr este objetivo se hace una propuesta concreta de creación de un organismo técnico y una estrategia de diseño institucional que apunte a este cambio cultural.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 010319.

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Length: 80
Date of creation: 31 Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:010319

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  1. George A. Akerlof & Rachel E. Kranton, 2000. "Economics And Identity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 115(3), pages 715-753, August.
  2. Aimee Chin & Nishith Prakash, 2010. "The Redistributive Effects of Political Reservation for Minorities: Evidence from India," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1003, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Hoyos, Alejandro & Nopo, Hugo & Peña, Ximena, 2010. "The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006," IZA Discussion Papers 5073, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Robert Fairlie & Florian Hoffmann & Philip Oreopoulos, 2011. "A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom," NBER Working Papers 17381, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Beaman, Lori & Chattopadhyay, Raghabendra & Duflo, Esther & Pande, Rohini & Topalova, Petia, 2008. "Powerful Women: Does Exposure Reduce Bias?," CEPR Discussion Papers 6922, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Swamy, Anand & Knack, Stephen & Lee, Young & Azfar, Omar, 2001. "Gender and corruption," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 25-55, February.
  7. Alberto Chong & Eliana La Ferrara, 2009. "Television and Divorce: Evidence from Brazilian Novelas," Research Department Publications 4611, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  8. Alejandro Hoyos & Ximena Peña & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2010. "The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006," IDB Publications 6791, Inter-American Development Bank.
  9. Raghabendra Chattopadhyay & Esther Duflo, 2004. "Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a Randomized Policy Experiment in India," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(5), pages 1409-1443, 09.
  10. Eliana La Ferrara & Alberto E. Chong, 2009. "Television and Divorce: Evidence from Brazilian Novelas," IDB Publications 6760, Inter-American Development Bank.
  11. Kim, Young Chul & Loury, Glenn, 2009. "Group Reputation and the Dynamics of Statistical Discrimination," MPRA Paper 18765, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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