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The Power of Political Voice: Women's Political Representation and Crime in India

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  • Mani, Anandi

    (University of Warwick)

  • Iyer, Lakshmi

    (Harvard Business School)

  • Mishra, Prachi

    (International Monetary Fund)

  • Topalova, Petia

    (International Monetary Fund)

Abstract

Using state-level variation in the timing of political reforms, we find that an increase in female representation in local government induces a large and significant rise in documented crimes against women in India. Our evidence suggests that this increase is good news, as it is driven primarily by greater reporting rather than greater incidence of such crimes. In contrast, we find no increase in crimes against men or gender-neutral crimes. We also examine the effectiveness of alternative forms of political representation: large scale membership of women in local councils affects crime against them more than their presence in higher level leadership positions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE) in its series CAGE Online Working Paper Series with number 63.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:cge:wacage:63

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Keywords: crime; women’s empowerment; minority representation; voice;

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