Growth of Strategy Sets, Entropy, and Nonstationary Bounded Recall
AbstractOne way to express bounded rationality of a player in a game theoretic models is by specifying a set of feasible strategies for that player. In dynamic game models with finite automata and bounded recall strategies, for example, feasibility of strategies is determined via certain complexity measures: the number of states of automata and the length of recall. Typically in these models, a fixed finite bound on the complexity is imposed resulting in finite sets of feasible strategies. As a consequence, the number of distinct feasible strategies in any subgame is finite. Also, the number of distinct strategies induced in the first T stages is bounded by a constant that is independent of T. In this paper, we initiate an investigation into a notion of feasibility that reflects varying degree of bounded rationality over time. Such concept must entail properties of a strategy, or a set of strategies, that depend on time. Specifically, we associate to each subset Î¨ i of the full (theoretically possible) strategy set a function y i from the set of positive integers to itself. The value y i(t) represents the number of strategies in Î¨ i that are distinguishable in the first t stages. The set Î¨ i may contain infinitely many strategies, but it can differ from the fully rational case in the way y i grows reflecting a broad implication of bounded rationality that may be alleviated, or intensified, over time. We examine how the growth rate of y i affects equilibrium outcomes of repeated games. In particular, we derive an upper bound on the individually rational payoff of repeated games where player 1, with a feasible strategy set Î¨ 1, plays against a fully rational player 2. We will show that the derived bound is tight in that a specific, and simple, set Î¨ 1 exists that achieves the upper bound. As a special case, we study repeated games with non-stationary bounded recall strategies where the length of recall is allowed to vary in the course of the game. We will show that a pla
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- Neyman, Abraham & Okada, Daijiro, 2009. "Growth of strategy sets, entropy, and nonstationary bounded recall," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 404-425, May.
- Abraham Neyman & Daijiro Okada, 2005. "Growth of Strategy Sets, Entropy, and Nonstationary Bounded Recall," Discussion Paper Series dp411, The Center for the Study of Rationality, Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
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