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Government ideology and tuition fee policy: Evidence from the German states

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  • Björn Kauder

    ()

  • Niklas Potrafke

    ()

Abstract

In January 2005 the German Supreme Court permitted the state governments to chargetuition fees. By exploiting the natural experiment, we examine how government ideologyinfluenced the introduction of tuition fees. The results show that rightwing governmentswere active in introducing tuition fees. By contrast, leftwing governments strictlydenied tuition fees. This pattern shows clear political alternatives in education policyacross the German states: the political left classifies tuition fees as socially unjust; thepolitical right believes that tuition fees are incentive compatible. By the end of 2014,however, there will be no tuition fees anymore: the political left won four state electionsand abolished tuition fees. In Bavaria the rightwing government also decided to abolishtuition fees because it feared to become elected out of office by adhering to tuition fees.Electoral motives thus explain convergence in tuition fee policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series Ifo Working Paper Series with number Ifo Working Paper No. 159.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_159

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Keywords: Tuition fees; education policy; government ideology; partisan politics;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Björn Kauder & Niklas Potrafke, 2013. "Regierungsideologie und Studiengebühren in den deutschen Bundesländern," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(10), pages 19-24, 05.
  2. Christian Bjørnskov & Niklas Potrafke, 2013. "The Size and Scope of Government in the US States: Does Party Ideology Matter?," CESifo Working Paper Series 4246, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Niklas Potrafke, 2013. "Evidence on the political principal-agent problem from voting on public finance for concert halls," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 215-238, September.
  4. Björn Kauder & Benjamin Larin & Niklas Potrafke, 2014. "Was bringt uns die große Koalition? Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 172, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  5. Markus Reischmann, 2014. "Staatsverschuldung in Extrahaushalten: Historischer Überblick und Implikationen für die Schuldenbremse in Deutschland," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 175, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.

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