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Studiengebühren und das Wanderungsverhalten von Studienanfängern: eine panel-ökonometrische Wirkungsanalyse

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  • Björn Alecke
  • Timo Mitze

Abstract

Die Frage nach den Nutzen und Kosten von Studiengebühren prägt die momentane hochschulpolitische Diskussion. In diesem Beitrag quantifizieren wir die Lenkungswirkungen der Studiengebühren im Rahmen eines empirischen Modells zum innerdeutschen Wanderungsverhalten von Studienanfängern für die 16 Bundesländer im Zeitraum 1999 bis 2010. Unsere Ergebnisse bestätigen insgesamt einen negativen (positiven) Effekt von Studiengebühren seit ihrer Einführung im Jahr 2006 auf die Zuwanderung in Gebührenländer (Nichtgebührenländer). Simulationsrechnungen zeigen ferner, dass der Einfluss von Studiengebühren als hochschulpolitisches Instrument nicht zu vernachlässigen ist. Ausgehend von der Frage, welche Veränderung bei anderen erklärenden Variablen die Wanderungsbewegungen von Studienanfängern zwischen den Bundesländern in gleichem Maße beeinflusst wie die Einführung von Studiengebühren, finden wir, dass hierfür eine erhebliche Verbesserung der Qualität von Lehre und Forschung an den Hochschulen notwendig ist. Dies wirft die Frage auf, mit welchen Instrumenten die Zielsetzung des Hochschulpakts 2020, für eine hohe Auslastung der vorhandenen Kapazitäten an den ostdeutschen Hochschulen zu sorgen, letztendlich erreicht werden kann.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Verein für Socialpolitik in its journal Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik.

Volume (Year): 13 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 357-386

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Handle: RePEc:bla:perwir:v:13:y:2012:i:4:p:357-386

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Cited by:
  1. Dirk Engel & Oliver Heneric, 2013. "Localization of knowledge and entrepreneurs’ mobility: the case of Germany’s biotechnology industry," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 173-192, October.
  2. Björn Alecke & Claudia Burgard & Timo Mitze, 2013. "The Effect of Tuition Fees on Student Enrollment and Location Choice – Interregional Migration, Border Effects and Gender Differences," Ruhr Economic Papers 0404, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  3. Björn Kauder & Niklas Potrafke, 2013. "Government ideology and tuition fee policy: Evidence from the German states," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 159, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  4. Kerstin Bruckmeier & Berthold U. Wigger, 2013. "The Effects of Tuition Fees on Transition from High School to University in Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 4237, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Beyer, Carolin & Mattheis, Julia & Schultheiß, Saskia, 2014. "Der Einfluss der Studiengebühren auf die Zahl der Studienanfänger an deutschen Hochschulen," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2014/1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.

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