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What Drives Immigration Amnesties?

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  • Alessandra Casarico
  • Giovanni Facchini
  • Tommaso Frattini

Abstract

We develop a general model of legal and illegal immigration to understand the basic tradeoffs faced by a government in the decision to implement an immigration amnesty in the presence of a selective immigration policy. We show that two channels play an important role: an amnesty is more likely the more restricted are the occupational opportunities of undocumented immigrants and the less redistributive is the welfare state. Empirical evidence based on a novel panel dataset of legalizations carried out by a group of OECD countries between 1980-2007 broadly supports the role played by the channels identified in our theoretical model.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 3981.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3981

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Keywords: illegal immigration; amnesties; labor market mismatch; welfare state;

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References

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  1. Arnaud Chevalier, 2003. "Measuring Over-education," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 70(279), pages 509-531, 08.
  2. Mendes de Oliveira, M. & Santos, M. C. & Kiker, B. F., 2000. "The role of human capital and technological change in overeducation," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 199-206, April.
  3. Hartog, Joop, 2000. "Over-education and earnings: where are we, where should we go?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 131-147, April.
  4. Barbara Petrongolo & Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Looking Into the Black Box: A Survey of the Matching Function," CEP Discussion Papers dp0470, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  5. Christian Dustmann & Tommaso Frattini, 2011. "Immigration: The European Experience," Development Working Papers 326, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 27 Dec 2011.
  6. Pia Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, 2003. "Do amnesty programs reduce undocumented immigration? Evidence from Irca," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 437-450, August.
  7. Hatton, Timothy J., 2008. "The Rise and Fall of Asylum: What Happened and Why?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6752, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Tito Boeri, 2009. "Immigration to the Land of Redistribution," Europe in Question Discussion Paper Series of the London School of Economics (LEQs), London School of Economics / European Institute 5, London School of Economics / European Institute.
  9. Sherrie A. Kossoudji & Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, 2002. "Coming out of the Shadows: Learning about Legal Status and Wages from the Legalized Population," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 20(3), pages 598-628, July.
  10. Lars P. Feld & Friedrich Schneider, 2010. "Survey on the Shadow Economy and Undeclared Earnings in OECD Countries," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 11, pages 109-149, 05.
  11. Beck, T.H.L. & Clarke, G. & Groff, A. & Keefer , P. & Walsh, P., 2001. "New tools in comparative political economy: The database of political institutions," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125517, Tilburg University.
  12. Stephen Karlson & Eliakim Katz, 2010. "Immigration amnesties," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(18), pages 2299-2315.
  13. Karlson, Stephen H. & Katz, Eliakim, 2003. "A positive theory of immigration amnesties," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 231-239, February.
  14. Facchini, Giovanni & Testa, Cecilia, 2011. "The rhetoric of closed borders: quotas, lax enforcement and illegal migration," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8245, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Razin, A. & Sadka, E. & Swagel, P., 1998. "Tax Burden and Migration: a Political Economy Theory and Evidence," Papers, Tel Aviv 15-98, Tel Aviv.
  16. Chau, Nancy H, 2001. "Strategic Amnesty and Credible Immigration Reform," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(3), pages 604-34, July.
  17. Gil S. Epstein & Avi Weiss, 2009. "The Why, When and How of Immigration Amnesties," Working Papers, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics 2009-24, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Sara de la Rica & Albretch Glitz & Francesc Ortega, 2013. "Immigration in Europe: Trends, Policies and Empirical Evidence," Working Papers 2013-16, FEDEA.

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