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The Rise and Fall of Asylum: What Happened and Why?

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  • TimothyJ. Hatton

Abstract

In the last 20 years, developed countries have struggled with a rising tide of asylum seekers, a trend that has now reversed. This article examines what happened and why. It surveys the trends in asylum seeking and the literature that this has generated. It provides new regression estimates of the determinants of asylum applications up to the present. The key findings are that violence and terror can account for much of the variation and that, while tougher policies did have a deterrent effect, they account for only about a third of the decline in applications since 2001. Copyright © The Author(s). Journal compilation © Royal Economic Society 2009.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Royal Economic Society in its journal The Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 119 (2009)
Issue (Month): 535 (02)
Pages: F183-F213

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Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:119:y:2009:i:535:p:f183-f213

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  1. Rotte, Ralph & Vogler, Michael, 1999. "The Effects of Development on Migration: Theoretical Issues and New Empirical Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 46, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Eric Neumayer, 2003. "Bogus Refugees? The Determinants of Asylum Migration to Western Europe," Labor and Demography 0311002, EconWPA, revised 18 Feb 2004.
  3. Hatton, Timothy J., 2005. "European Asylum Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 1721, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. DeVoretz, Don J. & Pivnenko, Sergiy & Beiser, Morton, 2004. "The Economic Experiences of Refugees in Canada," IZA Discussion Papers 1088, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Eric Neumayer, 2003. "Asylum Recognition Rates in Western Europe - Their Determinants, Variation and Lack of Convergence," Labor and Demography 0312004, EconWPA, revised 02 Sep 2004.
  6. Timothy J. Hatton, 2004. "Seeking asylum in Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 19(38), pages 5-62, 04.
  7. Joop Hartog & Aslan Zorlu, 2009. "How important is homeland education for refugees’ economic position in The Netherlands?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 22(1), pages 219-246, January.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Groundhog day: why the asylum problem is like the drug problem
    by Desmond Manderson, Professor in Law and the Humanities; ARC Future Fellow at Australian National University in The Conversation on 2013-08-16 21:29:17
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Cited by:
  1. Alessandra Casarico & Giovanni Facchini & Tommaso Frattini, 2012. "Spending more is spending less: on the desirability of enforcing migration," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2012006, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Bell, Brian & Machin, Stephen & Fasani, Francesco, 2010. "Crime and Immigration: Evidence from Large Immigrant Waves," IZA Discussion Papers 4996, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Cormac Ó Gráda, 2013. "‘Because She Never Let Them In’: Irish Immigration a Century Ago and Today," Working Papers 201319, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
  4. Timothy J. Hatton, 2012. "Refugee and Asylum Migration to the OECD: A Short Overview," CEPR Discussion Papers 658, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  5. Alessandra Casarico & Giovanni Facchini & Tommaso Frattini, 2012. "What Drives Immigration Amnesties?," CESifo Working Paper Series 3981, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Timothy Hatton, 2012. "Asylum Policy in the EU: The Case for Deeper Integration," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2012016, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  7. Tausch, Arno, 2012. "‚Getting Asylum Seekers into Employment‘? – Ein Allheilmittel für die Europäische Einwanderungspolitik?
    [‚Getting Asylum Seekers into Employment‘? – A panacea for European immigration
    ," MPRA Paper 40759, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Hatton, Timothy J. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 2011. "Are Third World Emigration Forces Abating?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 20-32, January.
  9. Alessandra Casarico & Giovanni Facchini & Tommaso Frattini, 2012. "Spending More is Spending Less: Policy Dilemmas on Irregular Migration," Development Working Papers 330, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 27 Mar 2012.

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