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School Proximity and Child Labor Evidence from Rurul Tanzania

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  • Florence Kondylis
  • Marco Manacorda

Abstract

Is improved school accessibility an effective policy tool for reducing child labor in developing countries? We address this question using micro data from rural Tanzania and a regression strategy that attempts to control for non-random location of households around schools as well as classical and non-classical measurement error in self-reported distance to school. Consistent with a simple model of child labor supply, but contrary to what appears to be a widespread perception, our analysis shows that school proximity leads to a rise in school attendance but no fall in child labor.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp1035.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1035

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Web page: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/series.asp?prog=CEP

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Keywords: Distance to school; child labor; school enrolment;

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References

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  1. Esther Duflo & Rema Hanna, 2005. "Monitoring Works: Getting Teachers to Come to School," Working Papers id:301, eSocialSciences.
  2. Ucw, 2010. "Child labour: trends, challenges and policy responses. Joining forces against child labour," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 49, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  3. Handa, Sudhanshu, 2002. "Raising primary school enrolment in developing countries: The relative importance of supply and demand," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 103-128, October.
  4. Orazio Attanasio & Emla Fitzsimons & Ana Gomez & Martha Isabel Gutiérrez & Costas Meghir & Alice Mesnard, 2006. "Child education and work choices in the presence of a conditional cash transfer programme in rural Colombia," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W06/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  5. John Gibson & David McKenzie, 2007. "Using the Global Positioning System (GPS) in Household Surveys For Better Economics and Better Policy," Working Papers in Economics, University of Waikato, Department of Economics 07/04, University of Waikato, Department of Economics.
  6. M.Biggeri & L.Guarcello & S.Lyon & F.Rosati, 2003. "The Puzzle of 'Idle' Children: Neither in School nor performing Economic Activity: Evidence from six Countries," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 5, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  7. Antoine Bommier & Sylvie Lambert, 2000. "Education Demand and Age at School Enrollment in Tanzania," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(1), pages 177-203.
  8. Edmonds, Eric V., 2008. "Child Labor," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier.
  9. Ucw, 2010. "Joining Forces against Child Labour: Inter-agency report for The Hague Global Child Labour Conference of 2010," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 59, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  10. Abhijit Banerjee & Shawn Cole & Esther Duflo & Leigh Linden, 2005. "Remedying education: Evidence from two randomized experiments in india," Framed Field Experiments, The Field Experiments Website 00122, The Field Experiments Website.
  11. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 1999. "Does child labor displace schooling? - evidence on behavioral responses to an enrollment subsidy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2116, The World Bank.
  12. Esther Duflo, 2001. "Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Evidence from an Unusual Policy Experiment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 91(4), pages 795-813, September.
  13. Edmonds, Eric V. & Schady, Norbert, 2008. "Poverty alleviation and child labor," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4702, The World Bank.
  14. Cigno, Alessandro & Rosati, Furio Camillo, 2005. "The Economics of Child Labour," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199264452, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Eric Edmonds, 2007. "Child Labor," Working Papers id:988, eSocialSciences.
  2. Furio Camillo Rosati & Jacobus de Hoop, 2013. "Does Promoting School Attendance Reduce Child Labour? Evidence from Burkina Faso’s Bright Project," CEIS Research Paper, Tor Vergata University, CEIS 282, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 14 May 2014.
  3. F. Blanco, 2007. "Children's work in Angola: an overview," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 38, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  4. Ellen Webbink & Jeroen Smits & Eelke Jong, 2013. "Household and Context Determinants of Child Labor in 221 Districts of 18 Developing Countries," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 110(2), pages 819-836, January.

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