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Estimating the Travel and Parking Demand Effects of Employer-Paid Parking

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  • Willson, Richard W.
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    Abstract

    A multinomial logit model of downtown Los Angeles commuters is used to assess the effect of employer-paid parking on mode choice and parking demand. Employer-paid parking significantly increases the probability that an employee will drive to work alone. The best performing models predict that between 25 and 34 percent fewer automobiles are driven to work when workers have to pay to park, as compared to when they park free. This analysis provides support for the notion that public policies concerning traffic congestion, air pollution and energy use must address employer-paid parking.

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    File URL: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/37p740qt.pdf;origin=repeccitec
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of California Transportation Center in its series University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers with number qt37p740qt.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 1992
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    Handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt37p740qt

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    Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Gillen, David W., 1977. "Estimation and specification of the effects of parking costs on urban transport mode choice," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 186-199, April.
    2. Wilson, Richard W. & Shoup, Donald C., 1990. "Parking Subsidies and Travel Choices: Assessing the Evidence," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt5w24532x, University of California Transportation Center.
    3. Train, Kenneth, 1980. "A Structured Logit Model of Auto Ownership and Mode Choice," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(2), pages 357-70, January.
    4. Willson, Richard W. & Shoup, Donald C., 1990. "Parking Subsidies and Travel Choices: Assessing the Evidence," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt3256f490, University of California Transportation Center.
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    Cited by:
    1. Voith, Richard, 1998. "Parking, Transit, and Employment in a Central Business District," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 43-58, July.
    2. Shaheen, Susan & Rodier, Caroline & Eaken, Amanda M., 2005. "Smart Parking Management Pilot Project: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt3p83z8g4, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    3. Shaheen, Susan & Rodier, Caroline J. & Eaken, Amanda M., 2005. "Smart Parking Management Pilot Project: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt4vk680h8, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    4. Barrios González, C & Martínez Navarro, Mª A. & Sánchez De Molina Martín, J & Toribio Muñoz, Mª R., 2003. "La tarificación viaria y sus efectos sobre el bienestar social," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 21, pages 283-296, Agosto.
    5. Lambe, Thomas A., 1996. "Driver choice of parking in the city," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 207-219, September.
    6. Christopher F. Dumas & John C. Whitehead & James H. Herstine & Robert B. Buerger & Jeffery M. Hill, 2006. "Estimating Peak Demand for Beach Parking Spaces," Working Papers 06-05, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
    7. Shaheen, Susan, 2005. "Smart Parking Management Field Test: A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District Parking Demonstration," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt6d58554x, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    8. Merriman, David, 1997. "Subsidized Parking and Neighborhood Nuisances," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 198-201, March.
    9. Tsai, Jyh-Fa & Chu, Chih-Peng, 2006. "Economic analysis of collecting parking fees by a private firm," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 40(8), pages 690-697, October.
    10. Ahmadi Azari, Kian & Arintono, Sulistyo & Hamid, Hussain & Rahmat, Riza Atiq O.K., 2013. "Modelling demand under parking and cordon pricing policy," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 1-9.
    11. Watters, Paul & O'Mahony, Margaret & Caulfield, Brian, 2006. "Response to cash outs for work place parking and work place parking charges," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 503-510, November.

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