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Shocks to bank capital: evidence from UK banks at home and away

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  • Mora, Nada

    ()
    (Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City)

  • Logan, Andrew

    ()
    (Oxford Economics)

Abstract

This paper assesses how shocks to bank capital may influence a bank’s portfolio behaviour using novel evidence from a UK bank panel data set from a period that pre-dates the recent financial crisis. Focusing on the behaviour of bank loans, we extract the dynamic response of a bank to innovations in its capital and in its regulatory capital buffer. We find that innovations in a bank’s capital in this (pre-crisis) sample period were coupled with a loan response that lasted up to three years. Banks also responded to scarce regulatory capital by raising their deposit rate to attract funds. The international presence of UK banks allows us to identify a specific driver of capital shocks in our data, independent of bank lending to UK residents. Specifically, we use write-offs on loans to non-residents to instrument bank capital’s impact on UK resident lending. A fall in capital brought about a significant drop in lending in particular, to private non-financial corporations. In contrast, household lending increased when capital fell, which may indicate that – in this pre-crisis period – banks substituted into less risky assets when capital was short.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of England in its series Bank of England working papers with number 387.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 31 Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:boe:boeewp:0387

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Keywords: Bank capital; bank lending;

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Cited by:
  1. Jiménez, G. & Ongena, S. & Peydro, J.L. & Saurina, J., 2012. "Macroprudential Policy, Countercyclical Bank Capital Buffers and Credit Supply: Evidence from the Spanish Dynamic Provisioning Experiments," Discussion Paper 2012-036, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  2. Mike Mariathasan & Ouarda Merrouche, 2012. "Recapitalization, credit and liquidity," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 27(72), pages 603-646, October.
  3. Mark Carlson & Hui Shan & Missaka Warusawitharana, 2011. "Capital ratios and bank lending: a matched bank approach," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2011-34, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  4. Scopelliti, Alessandro Diego, 2013. "Off-balance sheet credit exposure and asset securitisation: what impact on bank credit supply?," MPRA Paper 43890, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Martha López & Fernando TenjO & Héctor Zárate, 2013. "Credit Cycles, Credit Risk and Countercyclical Loan Provisions," Borradores de Economia 788, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  6. Riccetti, Luca & Russo, Alberto & Mauro, Gallegati, 2013. "Financial Regulation in an Agent Based Macroeconomic Model," MPRA Paper 51013, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Tara Rice & Jonathan Rose, 2012. "When good investments go bad: the contraction in community bank lending after the 2008 GSE takeover," International Finance Discussion Papers 1045, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  8. Jose M. Berrospide & Lamont K. Black & William R. Keeton, 2013. "The cross-market spillover of economic shocks through multi-market banks," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-52, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).

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