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Herding, A-synchronous Updating and Heterogeneity in Memory in a CBS

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  • Diks, C.G.H.
  • Weide, R. van der

    ()
    (Universiteit van Amsterdam)

Abstract

This paper considers a simple Continuous Beliefs System (CBS) toinvestigate the effects on price dynamics of several behavioralassumptions: (i) herd behaviour; (ii) a-synchronous updating ofbeliefs; and (iii) heterogeneity in time horizons (memory) amongagents. The recently introduced concept of a CBS allows one to model the co-evolution of prices and the beliefs distribution explicitly, while keeping track of the unpredictable nature of individual preferences (Diks and Van der Weide, 2003). As a benchmark model we take a simple CBS, which in a market withmany traders exhibits a random walk driven by news.Using the explicit nature of the dynamics of the CBS we show that the introduction of herding modifies the random walk to an ARIMA($0,1,1$) process, which is observationally equivalent to areduction of the number of market participants. In terms of returns the model predicts MA(1) structure with a negative coeffient. Asynchronous updating leads to an MA(1) model for returns with GARCH($1,1$) innovations, and predicts a relation between the ARCH and GARCH coefficients. Heterogeneity in memory leads to long-range dependence in returns. In the empirical section we perform a modest `reality check' concerning the predicted sign of the MA coefficient and the relation between the ARCH and GARCH coefficients for exchange rate data.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universiteit van Amsterdam, Center for Nonlinear Dynamics in Economics and Finance in its series CeNDEF Working Papers with number 03-06.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ams:ndfwpp:03-06

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Postal: Dept. of Economics and Econometrics, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 11, NL - 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Phone: + 31 20 525 52 58
Fax: + 31 20 525 52 83
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Web page: http://www.fee.uva.nl/cendef/
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