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Agricultural Adaptation to a Changing Climate: Economic and Environmental Implications Vary by U.S. Region

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Author Info

  • Malcolm, Scott A.
  • Marshall, Elizabeth P.
  • Aillery, Marcel P.
  • Heisey, Paul W.
  • Livingston, Michael J.
  • Day-Rubenstein, Kelly A.

Abstract

Global climate models predict increases over time in average temperature worldwide, with significant impacts on local patterns of temperature and precipitation. The extent to which such changes present a risk to food supplies, farmer livelihoods, and rural communities depends in part on the direction, magnitude, and rate of such changes, but equally importantly on the ability of the agricultural sector to adapt to changing patterns of yield and productivity, production cost, and resource availability. Study findings suggest that, while impacts are highly sensitive to uncertain climate projections, farmers have considerable fl exibility to adapt to changes in local weather, resource conditions, and price signals by adjusting crops, rotations, and production practices. Such adaptation, using existing crop production technologies, can partially mitigate the impacts of climate change on national agricultural markets. Adaptive redistribution of production, however, may have signifi cant implications for both regional land use and environmental quality.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Economic Research Report with number 127734.

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Date of creation: Jul 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:127734

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Related research

Keywords: climate change; adaptation; water resources; agricultural pests; Regional Environment and Agriculture Programming (REAP) model; regional crop mix; regional environmental effects; drought tolerance; pest managemen; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management;

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  1. Ding, Ya & Schoengold, Karina & Tadesse, Tsegaye, 2009. "The Impact of Weather Extremes on Agricultural Production Methods: Does Drought Increase Adoption of Conservation Tillage Practices?," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 34(3), December.
  2. Livingston, Michael J. & Storer, Nicholas P. & Van Duyn, John W. & Kennedy, George G., 2007. "Do Refuge Requirements for Biotechnology Crops Promote Economic Efficiency? Some Evidence for Bt Cotton," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 39(01), April.
  3. Roberts, Michael J. & Schimmelpfennig, David E. & Ashley, Elizabeth & Livingston, Michael J. & Ash, Mark & Vasavada, Utpal, 2006. "The Value of Plant Disease Early-Warning Systems: A Case Study of USDA's Soybean Rust Coordinated Framework," Economic Research Report 7208, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  4. Fuglie, Keith O. & Heisey, Paul W., 2007. "Economic Returns to Public Agricultural Research," Economic Brief 6388, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  5. Michael J. Livingston & Gerald A. Carlson & Paul L. Fackler, 2004. "Managing Resistance Evolution in Two Pests to Two Toxins with Refugia," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(1), pages 1-13.
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Cited by:
  1. Takle, Eugene S. & Gustafson, David & Beachy, Roger & Nelson, Gerald C. & Mason-D'Croz, Daniel & Palazzo, Amanda, 2013. "US food security and climate change: Agricultural futures," Economics Discussion Papers 2013-17, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

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