Transgenic technology adoption and on-farm varietal diversity
AbstractTransgenic pest-resistant varieties are hypothesized to reduce farmers’ demand for on-farm diversity through an act of substitution, as both serve as production risk reducing instruments. This adverse agro-biodiversity impact of technology adoption might be partially counteracted by an expanding seed sector, supplying a large number of transgenic varieties. The case of Bt cotton in India is taken for empirical illustration. The production function analyses show that both Bt technology and on-farm varietal diversity enhance yield, while reducing the production risk. With few Bt varieties available in the first years, technology adoption entailed a reduction in on-farm varietal diversity. This effect, however, was partially offset by more Bt varieties becoming available over time.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China with number 51750.
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Agro-biodiversity; Bt cotton; India; Production risk analysis.; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty;
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