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Reasons of Undershooting the Inflation Target in the Czech Republic: The Role of Inflation Expectations

In: Evaluation of the Fulfilment of the CNB's Inflation Targets 1998-2007

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  • Roman Horvath

Abstract

This article addresses the role of the inflation target with respect to inflation expectations developments using the vector error correction (VECM) and block restriction vector autoregression (VAR) models, based on the monthly data of 1999-2007. The econometric analysis performed has not identified any grounds in support of the “hypercredible†inflation target hypothesis, under which a 1 pp decrease would be accompanied by a decrease of inflation expectations by more than 1 pp. The results however suggest that the inflation target is a major determinant of inflation expectations, its importance for creating the inflation expectations surpassing even that of the current inflation development. Another conclusion is that inflation expectations decrease significantly in response to a stricter monetary policy and to the lower inflation target. On the overall, the results imply that the monetary policy has anchored the inflation expectations.

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This chapter was published in:

  • Juraj Antal & Zuzana Antonicova & Jan Babecky & Michal Hlavacek & Tomas Holub & Roman Horvath & Jarek Hurnik & Ondra Kamenik & Karel Musil & Jiri Podpiera & Lubos Ruzicka & Michal Skorepa & Katerina S, 2008. "Evaluation of the Fulfilment of the CNB's Inflation Targets 1998-2007," Occasional Publications - Edited Volumes, Czech National Bank, Research Department, number 01 edited by Katerina Smidkova, August.
    This item is provided by Czech National Bank, Research Department in its series Occasional Publications - Chapters in Edited Volumes with number 10.

    Handle: RePEc:cnb:ocpubc:10

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    Keywords: Inflation expectations; inflation target; Czech National Bank;

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Tomas Holub, 2008. "Causes of Deviations of Inflation from CNB Targets: An Empirical Analysis," Occasional Publications - Chapters in Edited Volumes, in: Katerina Smidkova (ed.), Evaluation of the Fulfilment of the CNB's Inflation Targets 1998-2007, chapter 4, pages 47-56 Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    2. Ian Babetskii & Fabrizio Coricelli & Roman Horváth, 2007. "Measuring and Explaining Inflation Persistence: Disaggregate Evidence on the Czech Republic," Working Papers IES 2007/22, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Aug 2007.
    3. Taner Yigit, 2007. "Inflation Targeting : An Indirect Approach to Assess the Direct Impact," Departmental Working Papers 0706, Bilkent University, Department of Economics.
    4. Franta, Michal & Saxa, Branislav & Šmídková, Katerina, 2007. "Inflation persistence: euro area and new EU Member States," Working Paper Series 0810, European Central Bank.
    5. Tomáš Holub & Jaromír Hurník, 2008. "Ten Years of Czech Inflation Targeting: Missed Targets and Anchored Expectations," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 44(6), pages 67-86, November.
    6. Levin, Andrew T. & Natalucci, Fabio M. & Piger, Jeremy M., 2004. "Explicit inflation objectives and macroeconomic outcomes," Working Paper Series 0383, European Central Bank.
    7. Zha, Tao, 1999. "Block recursion and structural vector autoregressions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 291-316, June.
    8. Luiz De Mello & Diego Moccero, 2009. "Monetary Policy and Inflation Expectations in Latin America: Long-Run Effects and Volatility Spillovers," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(8), pages 1671-1690, December.
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