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Crime and Mental Well-Being

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  • Francesca Cornaglia
  • Naomi E. Feldman
  • Andrew Leigh

Abstract

We provide empirical evidence of crime’s impact on the mental well-being of both victims and nonvictims. We differentiate between the direct impact to victims and the indirect impact to society due to the fear of crime. The results show a decrease in mental well-being after violent crime victimization and that the violent crime rate has a negative impact on mental well-being of nonvictims. Property crime victimization and property crime rates show no such comparable impact. Finally, we estimate that society-wide impact of increasing the crime rate by one victim is about 80 times more than the direct impact on the victim.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 49 (2014)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 110-140

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:49:y:2014:i:1:p:110-140

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References

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  1. Leigh L. Linden & Jonah E. Rockoff, 2006. "There Goes the Neighborhood? Estimates of the Impact of Crime Risk on Property Values From Megan's Laws," NBER Working Papers 12253, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Cornaglia, Francesca & Feldman, Naomi E. & Leigh, Andrew, 2014. "Crime and Mental Wellbeing," IZA Discussion Papers 8014, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Frijters, Paul & Johnston, David W. & Shields, Michael A., 2010. "Mental Health and Labour Market Participation: Evidence from IV Panel Data Models," IZA Discussion Papers 4883, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Brian Jacob & Lars Lefgren & Enrico Moretti, 2007. "The Dynamics of Criminal Behavior: Evidence from Weather Shocks," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 42(3).
  5. Carol Propper & Simon Burgess & Anne Bolster & George Leckie & Kelvyn Jones & Ron Johnston, 2007. "The Impact of Neighbourhood on the Income and Mental Health of British Social Renters," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 44(2), pages 393-415, February.
  6. Raphael, Steven & WINTER-EBMER, RUDOLF, 1998. "Identifying the Effect of Unemployment on Crime," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, UC San Diego qt5hb4h56g, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  7. Lawrence Katz & Jeffrey R. Kling & B. Jeffrey Liebman & Lisa Sanbonmatsu, 2004. "Moving to Opportunity and Tranquility: Neighborhood Effects on Adult Economic Self-Sufficiency and Health From a Randomized Housing Voucher Experiment," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 860, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  8. Thaler, Richard, 1978. "A note on the value of crime control: Evidence from the property market," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 137-145, January.
  9. Steve Gibbons, 2004. "The Costs of Urban Property Crime," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(499), pages F441-F463, November.
  10. Lawrence F. Katz & Jeffrey R. Kling & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 2001. "Moving To Opportunity In Boston: Early Results Of A Randomized Mobility Experiment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 116(2), pages 607-654, May.
  11. Frijters, Paul & Johnston, David W. & Shields, Michael A., 2008. "Happiness Dynamics with Quarterly Life Event Data," IZA Discussion Papers 3604, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Brazier, John & Roberts, Jennifer & Deverill, Mark, 2002. "The estimation of a preference-based measure of health from the SF-36," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 271-292, March.
  13. Whitley, Rob & Prince, Martin, 2005. "Fear of crime, mobility and mental health in inner-city London, UK," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 61(8), pages 1678-1688, October.
  14. Michael Shields & Stephen Wheatley Price & Mark Wooden, 2009. "Life satisfaction and the economic and social characteristics of neighbourhoods," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 421-443, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mathias Sinning & Matthias Vorell, 2011. "There Goes the Neighborhood? People’s Attitudes and the Effects of Immigration to Australia," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics 2011-548, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
  2. Francesca Cornaglia & Naomi E. Feldman & Andrew Leigh, 2014. "Crime and Mental Well-Being," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 49(1), pages 110-140.
  3. Maren M. Michaelsen, 2012. "Mental Health and Labour Supply: Evidence from Mexico’s Ongoing Violent Conflicts," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 117, Households in Conflict Network.
  4. Daniel Montolio & Simón Planells-Struse, 2014. "When police patrols matter. The effect of police proximity on citizens’ crime risk perception," Working Papers, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) 2014/1, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  5. Janke, K.; & Propper, C.; & Shields, M.A.;, 2013. "Does Violent Crime Deter Physical Activity?," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York 13/26, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
  6. Mathias Sinning & Matthias Vorell, 2011. "People‘s Attitudes and the Eff ects of Immigration to Australia," Ruhr Economic Papers, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen 0271, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  7. Douhou, Salima & Van Soest, Arthur, 2013. "Explaining subjective well-being: The role of victimization, trust, health, and social norms," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 52-78.
  8. Wenjie Wu, 2013. "Does Better Rail Access Improve Homeowners’ Happiness?: Evidence Based on Micro Surveys in Beijing," SERC Discussion Papers, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE 0134, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  9. Christian Dustmann & Francesco Fasani, 2014. "The Effect of Local Area Crime on Mental Health," CReAM Discussion Paper Series, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London 1428, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.

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