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School Proximity and Child Labor: Evidence from Rural Tanzania

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  • Florence Kondylis
  • Marco Manacorda

Abstract

Is improved school accessibility an effective policy tool for reducing child labor in developing countries? We address this question using microdata from rural Tanzania and a regression strategy that attempts to control for nonrandom location of households around schools as well as classical and nonclassical measurement error in self-reported distance to school. Our analysis shows that school proximity leads to a rise in school attendance but no significant fall in child labor.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 47 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 32-63

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:46:y:2012:i:1:p:32-63

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  1. Ucw, 2010. "Child labour: trends, challenges and policy responses. Joining forces against child labour," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 49, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  2. Ucw, 2010. "Joining Forces against Child Labour: Inter-agency report for The Hague Global Child Labour Conference of 2010," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 59, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  3. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 2000. "Does Child Labour Displace Schooling? Evidence on Behavioural Responses to an Enrollment Subsidy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C158-75, March.
  4. Eric V. Edmonds & Norbert Schady, 2009. "Poverty Alleviation and Child Labor," NBER Working Papers 15345, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Abhijit Banerjee & Shawn Cole & Esther Duflo & Leigh Linden, 2005. "Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India," NBER Working Papers 11904, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Orazio Attanasio & Emla Fitzsimons & Ana Gomez & Martha Isabel Gutiérrez & Costas Meghir & Alice Mesnard, 2006. "Child education and work choices in the presence of a conditional cash transfer programme in rural Colombia," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W06/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  7. John Gibson & David McKenzie, 2007. "Using the Global Positioning System (GPS) in Household Surveys For Better Economics and Better Policy," Working Papers in Economics, University of Waikato, Department of Economics 07/04, University of Waikato, Department of Economics.
  8. Eric Edmonds, 2007. "Child Labor," Working Papers id:988, eSocialSciences.
  9. Duflo, Esther & Hanna, Rema, 2005. "Monitoring Works: Getting Teachers to Come to School," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5426, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Handa, Sudhanshu, 2002. "Raising primary school enrolment in developing countries: The relative importance of supply and demand," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 103-128, October.
  11. Antoine Bommier & Sylvie Lambert, 2000. "Education Demand and Age at School Enrollment in Tanzania," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(1), pages 177-203.
  12. Esther Duflo, 2001. "Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Evidence from an Unusual Policy Experiment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 91(4), pages 795-813, September.
  13. Cigno, Alessandro & Rosati, Furio Camillo, 2005. "The Economics of Child Labour," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199264452, October.
  14. M.Biggeri & L.Guarcello & S.Lyon & F.Rosati, 2003. "The Puzzle of 'Idle' Children: Neither in School nor performing Economic Activity: Evidence from six Countries," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 5, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
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Cited by:
  1. Eric Edmonds, 2007. "Child Labor," Working Papers id:988, eSocialSciences.
  2. F. Blanco, 2007. "Children's work in Angola: an overview," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 38, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  3. J. de Hoop & F. C. Rosati, 2012. "Does Promoting School Attendance Reduce Child Labour? Evidence from Burkina Faso’s Bright Project," UCW Working Paper, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) 62, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  4. Ellen Webbink & Jeroen Smits & Eelke Jong, 2013. "Household and Context Determinants of Child Labor in 221 Districts of 18 Developing Countries," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 110(2), pages 819-836, January.

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