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L’impact des règles de prêts hypothécaires sur l’offre de travail des femmes au Canada : évidence paramétrique et non paramétrique

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  • Fortin, Nicole M.

    (Département de sciences économiques, Université de Montréal)

Abstract

This paper use descriptive statistics, kernel regressions and reduced-form analyses to show that mortgage related variables, in particular a variable believed to capture the earnings test of mortgage lending rules, have an important impact on the labor supply of married women in Canada. In a reduced-form weeks-worked equation for wives, the positive impact of the earnings test is shown to exceed the negative effect of young children. This result cannot be attributed to the potential endogeneity of mortgage variables since it is not possible to reject the weak exogeneity of the earnings test using a two-stage procedure that relies on generalized residuals to perform a Hausman type specification test. Cet article utilise des statistiques descriptives, des régressions flexibles de type noyau et des modèles à formes réduites pour montrer que des variables reliées aux conditions hypothécaires, en particulier une variable qui capture les exigences de revenu relatives aux prêts hypothécaires, ont un impact important sur l’offre de travail des femmes au Canada. Dans un modèle à formes réduites du nombre de semaines travaillées par l’épouse, l’impact positif de cette contrainte à l’emprunt excède l’effet négatif de la variable enfants d’âge préscolaire. Ce résultat ne peut être attribué à un problème d’endogénéité des variables hypothécaires. En effet, on ne peut rejeter l’exogénéité faible de la variable qui capture le test du revenu de la procédure d’accès au prêt hypothécaire, lorsqu’on utilise une procédure à deux étapes qui se sert des résidus généralisés pour effectuer un test de spécification à la Hausman.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 73 (1997)
Issue (Month): 1 (mars-juin-septembre)
Pages: 129-159

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:73:y:1997:i:1:p:129-159

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  1. Jones, Lawrence D, 1990. "Current Wealth Constraints on the Housing Demand of Young Owners," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(3), pages 424-32, August.
  2. Hausman, Jerry A, 1978. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1251-71, November.
  3. Mroz, Thomas A, 1987. "The Sensitivity of an Empirical Model of Married Women's Hours of Work to Economic and Statistical Assumptions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 765-99, July.
  4. Stuart S. Rosenthal & John V. Duca & Stuart A. Gabriel, 1987. "Credit rationing and the demand for owner-occupied housing," Working Paper Series / Economic Activity Section 79, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  5. Powell, James L, 1986. "Symmetrically Trimmed Least Squares Estimation for Tobit Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(6), pages 1435-60, November.
  6. Fortin, Nicole M, 1995. "Allocation Inflexibilities, Female Labor Supply, and Housing Assets Accumulation: Are Women Working to Pay the Mortgage?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(3), pages 524-57, July.
  7. Henderson, J. Vernon & Ioannides, Yannis M., 1987. "Owner occupancy: Investment vs consumption demand," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 228-241, March.
  8. Härdle,Wolfgang, 1992. "Applied Nonparametric Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521429504.
  9. Russell Davidson & James G. MacKinnon, 1980. "Several Tests for Model Specification in the Presence of Alternative Hypotheses," Working Papers 378, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  10. Gourieroux, Christian & Monfort, Alain & Renault, Eric & Trognon, Alain, 1987. "Generalised residuals," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-2), pages 5-32.
  11. Smith, Richard J & Blundell, Richard W, 1986. "An Exogeneity Test for a Simultaneous Equation Tobit Model with an Application to Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 679-85, May.
  12. Zorn, Peter M., 1993. "The Impact of Mortgage Qualification Criteria on Households' Housing Decisions: An Empirical Analysis Using Microeconomic Data," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 51-75, December.
  13. Newey, Whitney K., 1987. "Efficient estimation of limited dependent variable models with endogenous explanatory variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 231-250, November.
  14. Newey, Whitney K., 1987. "Specification tests for distributional assumptions in the Tobit model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-2), pages 125-145.
  15. Pagan, Adrian & Vella, Frank, 1989. "Diagnostic Tests for Models Based on Individual Data: A Survey," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 4(S), pages S29-59, Supplemen.
  16. Henderson, J Vernon & Ioannides, Yannis M, 1983. "A Model of Housing Tenure Choice," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(1), pages 98-113, March.
  17. Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 1992. "A Test for Functional Form Against Nonparametric Alternatives," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(04), pages 452-475, December.
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