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El impacto del gasto público sobre el proceso de migración interna: Evidencia empírica para el periodo 2002-2007

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  • Vargas, Enver
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    Abstract

    Se estudian los determinantes de la migración interna en el Perú durante el periodo de 2002 a 2007, poniendo énfasis en el rol del gasto público. A partir de información del Censo Nacional 2007, se identifican los patrones migratorios entre regiones y se estima un modelo de determinantes de migración. Se asume que los potenciales migrantes toman decisiones comparando la región de origen con la de destino en una serie de dimensiones, incluyendo las condiciones del mercado laboral y la disponibilidad de bienes públicos en educación, salud, vivienda y transporte. Los resultados empíricos obtenidos son consistentes con la teoría económica, encontrándose una mayor probabilidad de migrar hacia regiones con mayor ingreso promedio y menores tasas de desempleo. Asimismo, se encuentra evidencia de que el gasto público afecta las decisiones migratorias de la población al ser éste informativo sobre los bienes públicos disponibles en la región de destino relativos a la región de origen.

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    File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/23/ree-23-vargas.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

    Volume (Year): (2012)
    Issue (Month): 23 ()
    Pages: 67-81

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    Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-23-05

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    1. Brian Cushing & Jacques Poot, 2003. "Crossing boundaries and borders: Regional science advances in migration modelling," Papers in Regional Science, Springer, vol. 83(1), pages 317-338, October.
    2. Sonia Laszlo & Eric Santor, 2004. "Internal Migration and Borrowing Constraints: Evidence from Peru," Development and Comp Systems 0411022, EconWPA.
    3. Sabates, Ricardo, 2000. "Job Search and Migration in Peru," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 30(2).
    4. Greenwood, Michael J, 1975. "Research on Internal Migration in the United States: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 397-433, June.
    5. Hausman, Jerry & McFadden, Daniel, 1984. "Specification Tests for the Multinomial Logit Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(5), pages 1219-40, September.
    6. Molho, Ian, 1986. "Theories of Migration: A Review," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 33(4), pages 396-419, November.
    7. Raimundo Soto & Arístides Torche, 2004. "Spatial Inequality, Migration and Economic Growth in Chile," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 41(124), pages 401-424.
    8. Fry, Tim R. L. & Harris, Mark N., 1996. "A Monte Carlo study of tests for the independence of irrelevant alternatives property," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 19-30, February.
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